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POKOK BAHASAN 9 TINJAUAN AMDAL. Aspek AMDAL Beberapa tinjauan AMDAL yang perlu diperhatikan dalam perancangan lapangan terbang terhadap lingkungan sekitarnya.

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Presentasi berjudul: "POKOK BAHASAN 9 TINJAUAN AMDAL. Aspek AMDAL Beberapa tinjauan AMDAL yang perlu diperhatikan dalam perancangan lapangan terbang terhadap lingkungan sekitarnya."— Transcript presentasi:

1 POKOK BAHASAN 9 TINJAUAN AMDAL

2 Aspek AMDAL Beberapa tinjauan AMDAL yang perlu diperhatikan dalam perancangan lapangan terbang terhadap lingkungan sekitarnya : - Polusi udara, air dan suara - Gangguan terhadap habitat lingkungan alamiah - Tingkat keselamatan

3 Polusi Udara, Air dan Suara Polusi udara disebabkan oleh asap pembuangan pesawat udara dan kendaraan lain Polusi air berkenaan dengan limbah yang dikeluarkan oleh operasi penerbangan dapat mencemari sumber air di sekitarnya Polusi suara umumnya yang paling diperhatikan karena suara/bunyi yang dikeluarkan oleh pesawat udara sangat tinggi.

4 Proses Pemodelan Polusi Suara

5 Tabel kompatibilitas antara penggunaan lahan dan kebisingan

6 Isu Lingkungan Beberapa Lapangan Terbang

7 Strategi Pengurangan Polusi Udara

8 Klasifikasi Kebisingan Menurut FAA/ICAO According to FAR part 36 and ICAO Annex 16 (Environmental Protection Guidelines) aircraft must meet certain certification standards of noise Noise certification standards are functions of the Maximum Takeoff Weight (MTOW) Aircraft below MTOW < 75,000 lb are exempt from noise rules Three groups or stages of certification are differentiated: Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3

9 Klasifikasi Kebisingan Menurut FAA/ICAO Stage 1 - Aircraft certified before January 1967 with no imposition of noise rules –First generation jet powered aircraft like the Boeing 707, Douglas DC-8, etc. –This group was banned from the skies of the US in December, 1988 Stage 2 - Aircraft certified between Jan 1967 and November 1975 –To this group belong most second generation jet powered aircraft like the Boeing 727, Douglas DC-9, Boeing , old Boeing 747s, etc. –A phaseout program is in effect to retire all Stage II aircraft bythe end of the year 2000

10 Klasifikasi Kebisingan Menurut FAA/ICAO Stage 3 - Aircraft certified after November 1975 –To this group belong most third generation jet powered aircraft like the Boeing 757, 767, Airbus A- 300, Airbus A-320, MD-80’s, Boeing , new B- 747s, MD-11, A330, A340, B777, etc. –NOTE: some stage 2 and stage 1 aircraft can be re- engined to meet stage 3 norms like the Boeing with new Rolls-Royce Tay engines or the Douglas DC-8 with GE/SNEMCA CFM-56 engines –Several hush-kit options exist in the market to bring older aircraft into compliance of Stage 3 rules

11 Beberapa Studi Kebisingan Economic studies to assess noise impact on community –Study the effect of housing relocation and sound insulation programs –Land use planning around airports and zoning control –To effectively restrict of incompatible land uses around an airport facility Part 150 airport noise compatibility studies FAA has in place a noise compatibility program for airports where noise problems have provoked community concerted complaints

12 Tugas Mandiri Cari informasi dan sajikan bentuk gangguan yang mungkin timbul pada beberapa lapangan terbang di Indonesia.


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