1LABORATORIUM MAYA (VIRTUAL LABORATORY) BERBASIS PHET SIMULATION Webinar. For Oregon Virtual Schools 35 minute presentation 10 minute questions This will be produced using WebEx which does not allow the presented to see the chat or take polls. The presentation is done by sharing the screen of the presenter.Need to have open: Phet webpage, Movig Man, Waves on a string, Skate park, Geometric Optics, Balloons and static electricity, Moving Man,Trish :Introduce self Mention that I have been using Phet since 2004 in HS chem and physicsHandouts for workshop Table of contents (white) How We Learn (purple) Examples of PhET content alignment for Elementary, Middle School and High School (yellow) PhET Guidelines for Inquiry Use -writing/recognizing activities (green) Also available on the PhET website at https://phet.colorado.edu/en/for-teachers/activity-guide Moving Man activity with guideline alignment demonstrated (pink) Energy Skater Sample: Lesson Plan, Student Directions, Sample Clicker Questions (blue)The Physics Education TechnologyPRODI PEND. FISIKAFKIP UNIVERSITAS HALU OLEOKENDARI, 2014
2Workshop GoalsBecome familiar with PhET simulations to teaching critical thinkingWhat makes PhET sims unique learning tools?How can they be used in class? (easy, effective)Plan for sim use in your classIdentify useful PhET simsPractice activities using simsDevelop your own activity
3Pendahuluan Peranan Lab dalam Pembelajaran Sains Lab Maya (Virtual Lab) dalam pembelajaran SainsKeterampilan Berpikir kritis dalam pembelajaran sains
4Berpikir Kritis (Critical Thinking) Ennis (1985), berpikir kritis merupakan bagian dari pola berpikir tingkat tinggi yang bersifat konvergen. Berpikir kritis menggunakan dasar proses berpikir untuk menganalisi argumen dan memunculkan gagasan terhadap tiap-tiap makna dan interpretasi, untuk mengembangkan pola penalaran yang kohesif dan logis, memahami asumsi dan bias yang mendasari tiap-tiap posisi, serta memberikan model presentasi yang dapat dipercaya, ringkas dan meyakinkan.Facione (1998), inti berpikir kritis adalah deskripsi yang rinci dari sejumlah karakteristik yang berhubungan, yang meliputi analisis, inferensi, eksplanasi, evaluasi, pengaturan diri, dan interpretasi
6Session Outline What are PhET simulations and who creates them? How can PhET simulations help students learn?Explore the simulations and activitiesDiscuss how to find ideas for useJust read
7Suite of >100 interactive sims on science! What is PhET?We build and study interactive simsDemo sims: CCK, Build an atom (game), Equation Grapher, (Mention- Estimation, Arithmetic)We have a post-doc who is specifically working on Math sims for MSSuite of >100 interactive sims on science!
8Physics Education Technology Website Suite of interactive simulations (~60)Covering intro physics, modern physics, bit of chemistryDesign based on researchExtensive user testing (usability, interpretation, learning)Free! Online or downloadable. (~80 Mbytes)Easy to use and incorporate in classTHEN DEMONSTRATE CCK:Say: About 60 simulations have been created, covering topics in physics and chemistry. The sims are all available for free on the PhET website, and can be downloaded. This is the PhET homepage. When this slide is up clicking on Physics should link to the installed web page on Trish’s computer. We should check these before the workshop. Once the webpage is open, we are going to go through the following:Simulations are grouped under these topics. (scroll)Clicking on the icon launches a simulation. (scroll) (But don’t launch one yet.) Linda, I am not sure whether you want to go through SS or not. We could put the next part later . I did this morning and it seemed to peek interest.Soluble Salt Step through features using silver bromidecounters andlegend,how to grab and move shaker,open and close faucetsCalibrated volume on edge of beaker,Change to Strontium Phosphate (4 shakes of do not dissolve)
9Where is PhET? http://phet.colorado.edu Or download! (400 MB) Specifically pointing to MS section. Demonstrate website if most have seen phet skip showing website
10Adaptable for Variety of Learners Make easy to useCCK in middle school: “Make the light bulb light”CCK in high school:“Explain why the light dims when you turn the heater on”Delete this slide
12Designed to support inquiry learning Use accurate, dynamic visual representationsShow the invisibleCreate a game-like environmentMake simulations highly interactiveProvide real-time, animated feedback as students playImplicitly scaffold inquiry through design of controls and representationsAllow actions that would be difficult or impossible in the real worldProvide an intuitive interface, usable without instructions
13Use of PhET sims in class Lecture/classroomVisual Aid, Demo complement, Interactive Lecture Demos, & Concept testsLab and RecitationGroup activity, Exploration & discoveryGet feedback of how they would use sims in their class.Interactive engagementConnecting representationsHomeworkPre-class assignment – introduce new ideasPost instruction – develop robust understanding
14GO TO ACTIVITIES DATABASE Ideas for Next stepsTry ideas from teachersUse Key Word Search to find a sim,then scroll down for ideasWatch for Gold Star Inquiry ActivitiesThink about your learning goalsuse Key Word search to find simsSearch for sims by Topic or Grade levelRead handouts from webinarWatch iTunes PhET videosGO TO ACTIVITIES DATABASE
17Sample lesson ideasThese following supplemental slides have examples of ways to use PhET that could be used.
18Simulation Extends Lab Concepts ?Qualitative lab: Use the motion probe to graph position and velocity of some motion, also make motions to fit given graphsQuantitative lab: Use Moving man to accurately interpret and draw position, velocity and acceleration graphs for common situations and explain reasoning.
19Lecture – Interactive Lecture Demos Sketch position vs time and velocity vs time graphs for when Moving Man:walks steadily towards the tree for 6 seconds,then stands still for 6 seconds, andthen towards the house twice as fast as before for 6 seconds.+-PositiontimeVelocity5 s10 s20 s15 sThornton and Sokoloff, 1997
20Moving Man walks steadily towards the tree for 6 seconds, then stands still for 6 seconds, and then towards the house twice as fast as before for 6 secondsABVelocity+-timePosition5 s10 s20 s15 sVelocity+-timePosition5 s10 s20 s15 sVelocity+-timePosition5 s10 s20 s15 sCVelocity+-timePosition5 s10 s20 s15 sD
21Demonstration in Slow Motion Show waves on a string the simulation slows down the motion so that the students can see what is happening.Show a tygon tube demo if possible (this would be a movie file)
23Demo Scientific Model Electrostatics – Traditional balloon demos - Charge transfer, Coulomb attraction, PolarizationShows underlying models (if possible Have a balloon to show traditional demomovie file and then the sim)Simple,but effective
24Replace Expensive Equipment Challenge: Use the simulation to see how the design of a lens effects how it works.Run the sim and show how the students can change the lens and see the effect. Say “This would be very difficult to do with real equipment.”
25Contoh Perangkat Pembelajaran berbasis PhET Simulation 1. Circuit Electric : Hukum Ohm2. Electromagnetics Faraday