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The pollution over Indonesia and the Indian Ocean on October 22, 1997. White represents the aerosols (smoke) that remained in the vicinity of the fires.

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Presentasi berjudul: "The pollution over Indonesia and the Indian Ocean on October 22, 1997. White represents the aerosols (smoke) that remained in the vicinity of the fires."— Transcript presentasi:

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2 The pollution over Indonesia and the Indian Ocean on October 22, White represents the aerosols (smoke) that remained in the vicinity of the fires. Green, yellow, and red pixels represent increasing amounts of tropospheric ozone (smog) being carried to the west by high-altitude winds.

3 FIRESS 1 August – 26 October 2015 By Province PROVINCEFIRES % KALIMANTAN TENGAH % SUMATERA SELATAN % PAPUA % KALIMANTAN TIMUR7556 7% KALIMANTAN BARAT6970 6% JAMBI5638 5% KALIMANTAN SELATAN5383 5% MALUKU2519 2% RIAU2423 2% NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR2238 2% SULAWESI TENGAH1989 2% KEP. BANGKA BELITUNG1611 1% SULAWESI SELATAN1510 1% SULAWESI TENGGARA1162 1% LAMPUNG1142 1% MALUKU UTARA981 1% JAWA TIMUR922 1% NUSA TENGGARA BARAT842 1% KALIMANTAN UTARA747 1% SULAWESI UTARA719 1% PAPUA BARAT604 1% SULAWESI BARAT520 0% JAWA BARAT471 0% GORONTALO390 0% JAWA TENGAH281 0% BENGKULU272 0% SUMATERA BARAT230 0% BANTEN163 0% SUMATERA UTARA88 0% KEP. RIAU78 0% ACEH30 0% BALI7 0% DKI JAKARTA7 0% DI YOGYAKARTA3 0% Grand Total % Total FIRES = Most of them in Central Kalimantan & South Sumatera

4 FIRES FIRE HOTSPOTS DISTRIBUTION 1 ST AUG – 26 TH OCT 2015 Total FIRES = Most of them in Central Kalimantan & South Sumatera

5 PROVINCEFIRES% KALIMANTAN TENGAH % SUMATERA SELATAN % PAPUA40198% JAMBI36777% KALIMANTAN BARAT22554% KALIMANTAN SELATAN15513% RIAU13163% KALIMANTAN TIMUR8902% KEP. BANGKA BELITUNG2130% PAPUA BARAT1530% LAMPUNG1500% SUMATERA BARAT850% KALIMANTAN UTARA320% ACEH110% BENGKULU50% SUMATERA UTARA50% KEP. RIAU20% Grand Total % FIRESS 1 August – 26 October 2015 By Peat 46% of Total FIRES Total FIRES = Most of them in Central Kalimantan & Sumatera Selatan

6 FIRE HOTSPOTS DISTRIBUTION 1 ST AUG – 26 TH OCT 2015 AND PEAT Total FIRES = (46%) Most of them in Central Kalimantan & Sumatera Selatan Fires on peat Fires on soil Peat

7 FIRESS 1 August – 26 October 2015 By Palm Oil Concession PROVINCEFIRES% KALIMANTAN TENGAH % PAPUA % KALIMANTAN BARAT % KALIMANTAN TIMUR % SUMATERA SELATAN1710 9% JAMBI749 4% RIAU600 3% KALIMANTAN SELATAN439 2% KALIMANTAN UTARA362 2% PAPUA BARAT79 0% LAMPUNG75 0% SULAWESI TENGAH54 0% SULAWESI SELATAN35 0% MALUKU UTARA30 0% SUMATERA BARAT23 0% BENGKULU21 0% SULAWESI BARAT16 0% MALUKU10 0% SULAWESI TENGGARA10 0% SULAWESI UTARA7 0% KEP. RIAU6 0% ACEH3 0% GORONTALO3 0% KEP. BANGKA BELITUNG1 0% SUMATERA UTARA1 0% Grand Total % 16% of Total FIRES 42% of Total FIRES on PO FIRES of PO on Peat PROVFIRES KALIMANTAN TENGAH2795 PAPUA1161 KALIMANTAN BARAT1020 SUMATERA SELATAN930 JAMBI670 KALIMANTAN TIMUR473 RIAU395 KALIMANTAN SELATAN76 KALIMANTAN UTARA24 SUMATERA BARAT7 ACEH3 KEP. RIAU2 LAMPUNG2 PAPUA BARAT1 Grand Total7559 Total FIRES = Most of them in Central Kalimantan & Papua

8 Fires on Palm oil concession’s peat PEAT FIRE INSIDE PALM OIL CONCESSION 1 ST AUG – 26 TH OCT 2015 Fires on Palm oil concession’s mineral soil PO’s FIRES on peat = (42% ) Most of them in Central Kalimantan & Papua Peat

9 FIRESS 1 August – 26 October 2015 By Pulp Plantation Concession PROVINCEFIRES% SUMATERA SELATAN % KALIMANTAN TIMUR1855 8% KALIMANTAN TENGAH1312 6% JAMBI1283 6% PAPUA1230 5% KALIMANTAN BARAT947 4% KALIMANTAN SELATAN931 4% RIAU637 3% MALUKU476 2% KEP. BANGKA BELITUNG450 2% SULAWESI TENGAH96 0% GORONTALO94 0% SULAWESI TENGGARA85 0% NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR80 0% PAPUA BARAT79 0% KALIMANTAN UTARA75 0% LAMPUNG58 0% NUSA TENGGARA BARAT36 0% SULAWESI SELATAN28 0% SULAWESI BARAT26 0% MALUKU UTARA21 0% ACEH8 0% SUMATERA UTARA4 0% SUMATERA BARAT2 0% Grand Total % PROVFIRES SUMATERA SELATAN10886 KALIMANTAN TENGAH855 PAPUA545 JAMBI534 RIAU281 KALIMANTAN BARAT227 KALIMANTAN TIMUR59 KEP. BANGKA BELITUNG42 KALIMANTAN UTARA6 PAPUA BARAT5 Grand Total13440 FIRES of HTI on Peat 20% of Total FIRES 59% of Total FIRES on HTI Total FIRES = Most of them in South Sumatera

10 PEAT FIRE INSIDE PULP PLANTATION CONCESSION 1 ST AUG – 26 TH OCT 2015 Total FIRES on Peat = (59% ) Most of them in South Sumatera Fires on Pulp plantation concession’s peat Fires on Pulp plantation concession’s mineral soil Peat

11 FIRESS 1 August – 26 October 2015 By Logging Concession PROVINCEFIRES% KALIMANTAN TIMUR148527% JAMBI85816% KALIMANTAN TENGAH78514% MALUKU4959% PAPUA3717% KALIMANTAN BARAT3466% SULAWESI TENGAH3116% MALUKU UTARA2324% KALIMANTAN SELATAN2024% SUMATERA SELATAN1122% KALIMANTAN UTARA1112% RIAU902% PAPUA BARAT701% SULAWESI BARAT150% BENGKULU90% SUMATERA BARAT70% SULAWESI UTARA20% ACEH10% Grand Total % PROVFIRES JAMBI858 SUMATERA SELATAN91 PAPUA50 KALIMANTAN TENGAH47 KALIMANTAN BARAT45 KALIMANTAN TIMUR30 PAPUA BARAT4 RIAU2 Grand Total1127 5% of Total FIRES FIRES of HPH on Peat 20% of Total FIRES on HPH Total FIRES = Most of them in Jambi

12 PEAT FIRE INSIDE LOGGING CONCESSION 1 ST AUG – 26 TH OCT 2015 Total FIRES on Peat = (20%) Most of them in Jambi Fires on Logging concession’s peat Fires on Logging concession’s mineral soil

13 FIRESS 1 August – 26 October 2015 By Coal Mining Concession PROVINCEFIRES% SUMATERA SELATAN454844% KALIMANTAN TIMUR257925% KALIMANTAN SELATAN161216% KALIMANTAN TENGAH4795% JAMBI4184% RIAU3103% KALIMANTAN BARAT1622% KALIMANTAN UTARA591% LAMPUNG260% BENGKULU190% SUMATERA BARAT90% ACEH10% Grand Total % 9% of Total FIRES FIRES of Coal on Peat 31% of Total FIRES on Coal Total FIRES = Most of them in South Sumatera PROVFIRES SUMATERA SELATAN2942 KALIMANTAN TIMUR192 KALIMANTAN SELATAN29 KALIMANTAN BARAT7 JAMBI7 Grand Total3177 *This coal data only in Sumatera & Kalimantan

14 FIRES on coal minning concessions PEAT FIRE INSIDE COAL MINING CONCESSION 1 ST AUG – 26 TH OCT 2015 FIRES outside coal minning concessions Coal minning concessions Total FIRES on Peat = (31% ) Most of them in South Sumatera

15 FIRESS 1 August – 26 October 2015 By Moratorium PROVINCEFIRES% KALIMANTAN TENGAH % PAPUA % SUMATERA SELATAN % KALIMANTAN BARAT1962 6% JAMBI1817 5% RIAU987 3% KALIMANTAN SELATAN722 2% KALIMANTAN TIMUR614 2% NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR538 2% JAWA TIMUR516 1% SULAWESI TENGAH449 1% SULAWESI SELATAN426 1% LAMPUNG339 1% KEP. BANGKA BELITUNG319 1% NUSA TENGGARA BARAT302 1% SULAWESI TENGGARA264 1% PAPUA BARAT249 1% MALUKU239 1% MALUKU UTARA161 0% SULAWESI BARAT133 0% SULAWESI UTARA111 0% JAWA BARAT102 0% BENGKULU101 0% SUMATERA BARAT88 0% JAWA TENGAH72 0% GORONTALO34 0% KALIMANTAN UTARA32 0% SUMATERA UTARA30 0% KEP. RIAU10 0% ACEH9 0% BANTEN7 0% BALI4 0% Grand Total % 31,4% of Total FIRES Total FIRES = Most of them in Central Kalimantan, Papua & South Sumatera

16 Total FIRES = (31% ) Most of them in Central Kalimantan, Papua & South Sumatera Fires on Moratorium Fires on soil Peat FIRE HOTSPOTS DISTRIBUTION 1 ST AUG – 26 TH OCT 2015 AND MORATORIUM

17 FIRESS 1 August – 26 October 2015 By Palm Oil Concession PROVINCEFIRES% KALIMANTAN TENGAH % PAPUA % KALIMANTAN BARAT % KALIMANTAN TIMUR % SUMATERA SELATAN1710 9% JAMBI749 4% RIAU600 3% KALIMANTAN SELATAN439 2% KALIMANTAN UTARA362 2% PAPUA BARAT79 0% LAMPUNG75 0% SULAWESI TENGAH54 0% SULAWESI SELATAN35 0% MALUKU UTARA30 0% SUMATERA BARAT23 0% BENGKULU21 0% SULAWESI BARAT16 0% MALUKU10 0% SULAWESI TENGGARA10 0% SULAWESI UTARA7 0% KEP. RIAU6 0% ACEH3 0% GORONTALO3 0% KEP. BANGKA BELITUNG1 0% SUMATERA UTARA1 0% Grand Total % 16% of Total FIRES 13% of Total FIRES on PO FIRES of PO on Moratorium Total FIRES = Most of them in Central Kalimantan PROVFIRES KALIMANTAN TENGAH1421 KALIMANTAN BARAT424 PAPUA190 RIAU158 KALIMANTAN TIMUR61 JAMBI20 KALIMANTAN SELATAN18 SUMATERA SELATAN8 SUMATERA BARAT7 SULAWESI SELATAN5 KALIMANTAN UTARA1 LAMPUNG1 SULAWESI TENGAH1 Grand Total2315

18 PROVFIRES SUMATERA SELATAN123 JAMBI121 PAPUA78 KALIMANTAN BARAT36 RIAU21 KEP. BANGKA BELITUNG19 KALIMANTAN SELATAN13 KALIMANTAN TIMUR4 MALUKU4 KALIMANTAN TENGAH3 SULAWESI SELATAN2 PAPUA BARAT1 Grand Total425 FIRESS 1 August – 26 October 2015 By Pulp Plantation Concession PROVINCEFIRES% SUMATERA SELATAN % KALIMANTAN TIMUR18558% KALIMANTAN TENGAH13126% JAMBI12836% PAPUA12305% KALIMANTAN BARAT9474% KALIMANTAN SELATAN9314% RIAU6373% MALUKU4762% KEP. BANGKA BELITUNG4502% SULAWESI TENGAH960% GORONTALO940% SULAWESI TENGGARA850% NUSA TENGGARA TIMUR800% PAPUA BARAT790% KALIMANTAN UTARA750% LAMPUNG580% NUSA TENGGARA BARAT360% SULAWESI SELATAN280% SULAWESI BARAT260% MALUKU UTARA210% ACEH80% SUMATERA UTARA40% SUMATERA BARAT20% Grand Total % FIRES of HTI on Moratorium 20% of Total FIRES 2% of Total FIRES on HTI Total FIRES = 425 Most of them in South Sumatera & Jambi

19 FIRESS 1 August – 26 October 2015 By Logging Concession PROVINCEFIRES% KALIMANTAN TIMUR % JAMBI858 16% KALIMANTAN TENGAH785 14% MALUKU495 9% PAPUA371 7% KALIMANTAN BARAT346 6% SULAWESI TENGAH311 6% MALUKU UTARA232 4% KALIMANTAN SELATAN202 4% SUMATERA SELATAN112 2% KALIMANTAN UTARA111 2% RIAU90 2% PAPUA BARAT70 1% SULAWESI BARAT15 0% BENGKULU9 0% SUMATERA BARAT7 0% SULAWESI UTARA2 0% ACEH1 0% Grand Total % 4,92% of Total FIRES FIRES of HPH on Moratorium Total FIRES = 64 Most of them in Maluku PROVFIRES MALUKU19 SULAWESI TENGAH14 KALIMANTAN BARAT11 KALIMANTAN TIMUR9 KALIMANTAN TENGAH4 SUMATERA SELATAN3 KALIMANTAN SELATAN1 KALIMANTAN UTARA1 PAPUA BARAT1 RIAU1 Grand Total64 1% of Total FIRES on HTI

20 PROVFIRES SUMATERA SELATAN810 KALIMANTAN TIMUR87 RIAU69 KALIMANTAN SELATAN25 JAMBI14 KALIMANTAN BARAT12 BENGKULU6 KALIMANTAN TENGAH5 SUMATERA BARAT2 Grand Total1030 FIRESS 1 August – 26 October 2015 By Coal Mining Concession PROVINCEFIRES% SUMATERA SELATAN454844% KALIMANTAN TIMUR257925% KALIMANTAN SELATAN161216% KALIMANTAN TENGAH4795% JAMBI4184% RIAU3103% KALIMANTAN BARAT1622% KALIMANTAN UTARA591% LAMPUNG260% BENGKULU190% SUMATERA BARAT90% ACEH10% Grand Total % 9% of Total FIRES FIRES of Coal on Moratorium 31% of Total FIRES on Coal Total FIRES = Most of them in South Sumatera *This coal data only in Sumatera & Kalimantan

21 SOURCE PEAT Kalimantan : Wahyunto, S. Ritung and H. Subagjo (2004) Map of Peatland Distribution Area and Carbon Content in Kalimantan, 2000 – Wetlands International - Indonesia Programme & Wildlife Habitat Canada (WHC) Sumatra: Wahyunto, S. Ritung dan H. Subagjo (2003). Peta Luas Sebaran Lahan Gambut dan Kandungan Karbon di Pulau Sumatera / Maps of Area of Peatland Distribution and Carbon Content in Sumatera, 1990 – Wetlands International - Indonesia Programme & Wildlife Habitat Canada (WHC) Papua: Wahyunto, Bambang Heryanto, Hasyim Bekti dan Fitri Widiastuti (2006). Peta-Peta Sebaran Lahan Gambut, Luas dan Kandungan Karbon di Papua / Maps of Peatland Distribution, Area and Carbon Content in Papua, Wetlands International – Indonesia Programme & Wildlife Habitat Canada (WHC) IMM8 MoEF (2015) Moratorium map on new concessions, 8th revision (PETA INDIKATIF PENUNDAAN PEMBERIAN IZIN BARU REVISI VIII) Ministry of Environment and Forestry, May HPH MoFor (2010f) HPH selective logging concession maps, provided by the Planning Department of the Ministry of Forestry, Indonesia. Downloaded as Google Earth files (kml) from appgis.dephut.go.id/appgis/kml.aspx 30 July MoF (2014), Industrial forestry concession map, indicating areas for future development / peta indikatif arahan pemanfaatan hutan pada kawasan hutan produksi yang tidak dibebani izin untuk usaha pemanfaatan hasil hutan kayu, 2014 HTI MoFor (2010) HTI concession maps, provided by the Planning Department of the Ministry of Forestry, Indonesia (Direktorat Jenderal Planologi Kehutanan Kementerian Kehutanan Republik Indonesia) downloaded September Updated using 1) MoFor (2010) Pemanfaatan Hutan, Data dan Informasi, Tahun 2010, Ministry of Forestry Indonesia, November and 2) MoF (2011), online WebGis Kehutanan, online interactive map accessed May MoF (2014), Industrial forestry concession map, indicating areas for future development / peta indikatif arahan pemanfaatan hutan pada kawasan hutan produksi yang tidak dibebani izin untuk usaha pemanfaatan hasil hutan kayu, 2014 COAL APBI-ICMA (2009) Coal Map Kalimantan & Sumatra, June 2009 APBI-ICMA (2009) Coal Map Kalimantan & Sumatra, June 2011 PO Greenpeace (2015) based on agriculture plantations maps, provided by the Planning Department of the Ministry of Forestry, Indonesia, downloaded on July (appgis.dephut.go.id/appgis/kml.aspx), supplemented and updated by Greenpeace in Riau and Kalimantan with data gathered from provincial planning agencies (BAPEDA) and various plantation companies. FIRE HOTSPOT NASA (2015) Fire Information for Resource Management System (FIRMS), NASA https://earthdata.nasa.gov/data/near-real-time-data/firms

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