4 Reading Skills There are many reading skills that will help you comprehend the text you are reading.
5 Getting Specific Information Informasi tertentu diperoleh dengan cara melihat sekilas (scanning) karena informasi tersebut tertera jelas dalam teks.
6 Informasi tertentu biasanya merupakan jawaban tentang siapa, dimana, kapan
7 Contoh: Getting Specific Information from the text In a football game, some people do notplay the game. They have important rolesin a football game. They are the coach, thereferee, the linesmen, and the spectators.The coach trains the players how to play thegame. The referee controls the game. Heblows the whistle …..
8 The questions: Who controls the game The questions: Who controls the game? The people who have important roles in a football game are ...
9 The answer:The refereeThey are the coach, the referee, the linesmen, and the spectators
10 The core of the passage, topic, topic ofther paragraph. General InformationThe core of the passage, topic,topic ofther paragraph.Biasanya menanyakan judul dari teksbacaan atau tentang apa (topik) teksbacaan.
11 Contoh :It’s like a zoo but the animals are not caged.Giraffes, monkeys, hippos, even lions and tigers wander around freely. Perhaps you may think , what ifthese animals attack? No, they won’t.
12 Because, you look at them from inside your car or bus Because, you look at them from inside your car or bus. Here, it is the other way around. At the zoo, the animals arelocked in the cage. At the Safari Park you are theones locked inside your vehicle.
13 The question: (Finding General Information) What does the paragraph mostly talk about?The Answer:The Safari Park
14 Main Idea (Explicit Main Idea) Keterangan, penjelasan, atau pendapat penulis tentang topik subjek penulisan (yang menjadi topik utama penulisan).
15 Explicit Main Idea merupakan kalimat utama (topic sentence) dari suatu teks bacaan atau paragraph. Biasanya merupakan sebuah kalimat atau pernyataan lengkap yang terletak di awal, di tengah, atau di akhir dari suatu teks.
16 Contoh: Text with Explicit Main Idea Bicycles are very popular today in many countries. Many people use bicycles for exercise.But exercise is only one reason why bicycles are popular.
17 Another reason is money. Bicycles are not expensive to buy Another reason is money. Bicycles are not expensive to buy. They do not need gas to make them go.
18 They are also easy and cheap to fix. In cities, many people like bicycles better than cars. By bicycles, they never have to wait in traffic.They also do not have to find a place to park. Finally,bicycles do not cause any pollution.
19 Contoh SoalThe Question:What is the main idea of the paragraph?The answer:Bicycles are very popular today in many countries.
20 Detailed Information (Informasi Rinci) Informasi yang tidak tertera secara jelas pada teks bacaan. Untuk memperoleh informasi ini, kita harus membaca secara rinci atau intensif (Intensive Reading) setiap bagian dari suatu teks bacaan.
21 Contoh Teks :Jose and Rian decided to go to a film theatre to relax.They were very tired after finishing their exams. They chose to see and adventure film. They didn’t want to seedrama, thriller or home movie. They wanted to forget studying for one night.
22 So they bought two tickets for a movie called Lord of the Rings So they bought two tickets for a movie called Lord of the Rings. They got in the theatre just time in before the movie started.
23 Inside the theatre, a tall man sat on a seat in front of them Inside the theatre, a tall man sat on a seat in front of them. He put on a tall hat. Jose and and Rian could not see the screen. Jose tapped the man on the shoulder and asked him to remove his hat. When the man turned around to say sorry , they recognized him. He was Mr. Samuel,Jose’s father.
24 The question for detailed information Why couldn’t Jose and Rian see the screen?The answer :The man sitting in front of them wore a tall hat
25 Informasi yang tidak tertera secara langsung pada teks bacaan. Implicit InformationInformasi yang tidak tertera secara langsung pada teks bacaan.
26 Untuk memperoleh informasi ini, kita harus memahami dan menyimpulkan bagian tertentu atau keseluruhan isi teks.Reading between the lines
27 Contoh Teks Malaysian Local Fruit SeasonalOnly available at certain times of the yearPopularWhy eat more local fruit?FreshGood for all skin typeRich in vitaminEasily available at markets, fruit stalls and supermarkets
28 How to serve local fruit? Non-SeasonalAll year aroundCheapHow to serve local fruit?Wash, cut or peel and serveChill canned fruitMake refreshing fruit juicesMake fruit jamMake local delicacies for tea time
29 The question for implicit information: What is the purpose of this poster?The answer:To encourage more people to eat local fruits