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Menyiapkan Pendidikan bidang Informatika dan Komputer di Abad 21 Fasli Jalal Wakil Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Sarasehan APTIKOM, 14 April 2011 1.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Menyiapkan Pendidikan bidang Informatika dan Komputer di Abad 21 Fasli Jalal Wakil Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Sarasehan APTIKOM, 14 April 2011 1."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Menyiapkan Pendidikan bidang Informatika dan Komputer di Abad 21 Fasli Jalal Wakil Menteri Pendidikan Nasional Sarasehan APTIKOM, 14 April

2 1 Kebutuhan Skill Abad 21

3 kompetensi dasar abad 21 Matematika, IPA, Bahasa, dll. 3

4 21 st Century Essential Skills Learning & Innovation “4Cs”Digital LiteracyCareer & Life Critical thinking & problem solvingInformation literacyFlexibility & adaptability Creativity & innovationMedia literacyInitiative & self-direction CommunicationICT literacySocial & cross-cultural interaction CollaborationProductivity & accountability Leadership & responsibility [Bernie & Charles, 2011] 4

5 Skills needed in the workplace of the Future (1/4) Digital Age Literacy Functional literacyAbility to decipher meaning and express ideas in a range of media; this includes the use of images, graphics, video, charts and graphs or visual literacy Scientific literacyUnderstanding of both the theoretical and applied aspects of science and mathematics Technological literacyCompetence in the use of information and communication technologies Information literacyAbility to find, evaluate and make appropriate use of information, including via the use of ICTs Cultural literacyAppreciation of the diversity of cultures Global awarenessUnderstanding of how nations, corporations, and communities all over the world are interrelated 5

6 Skills needed in the workplace of the Future (2/4) Inventive Thinking AdaptabilityAbility to adapt and manage in a complex, interdependent world CuriosityDesire to know CreativityAbility to use imagination to create new things Risk-takingAbility to take risks 6

7 Skills needed in the workplace of the Future (3/4) Higher-Order Thinking Creative problem-solving and logical thinking that result in sound judgments 7

8 Skills needed in the workplace of the Future (4/4) Effective Communication TeamingAbility to work in a team Collaboration and interpersonal skills Ability to interact smoothly and work effectively with others Personal and social responsibility Be accountable for the way they use ICTs and to learn to use ICTs for the public good Interactive communication Competence in conveying, transmitting, accessing and understanding information High ProductivityAbility to prioritize, plan, and manage programs and projects to achieve the desired results Ability to apply what they learn in the classroom to real-life contexts to create relevant, high-quality products 8

9 DEVELOPMENT OF ICT SECTOR IN INDONESIA 9

10 Perkembangan pasar telekomunikasi di Indonesia Perkembangan pelanggan telekomunikasi hingga 2010 – Sambungan telp tetap kabel (fixed/PSTN) : – Telepon tetap wireless: – Mobile Cellular: – Pengguna Internet: ~ – Pengguna broadband: ~

11 Proyek Palapa Ring 11

12 Halaman 12 Pangsa pasar TIK di Indonesia HardwareSoftwareServices consulting implementation support and services operations management training application solutions application tools system infrastructure servers personal computers data communication peripherals

13 Pertumbuhan pasar TI di Indonesia Halaman 13 Source: International Data Center, 2006

14 Halaman 14 ICT Contribution to National GDP Source: International Data Center

15 Halaman 15 ICT indicators Source: International Data Center

16 ICT HUMAN RESOURCE - DEFINED 16

17 Halaman 17 Types of ICT-HR ICT-HR ICT Workers or ICT Professionals PROFESSION-BASED INDIVIDUAL ICT Workers or ICT Professionals PROFESSION-BASED INDIVIDUAL ICT-Enabled Workers or ICT Users COMPETENCIES-BASED INDIVIDUAL ICT-Enabled Workers or ICT Users COMPETENCIES-BASED INDIVIDUAL Source: The United Nations

18 Halaman 18 ICT Worker Taxonomy Executives Managers Supervisors Assistant Managers Administrators Supervisors Assistant Managers Administrators Staffs - Coordinators Operators – Specialists Technicians - Clerks Staffs - Coordinators Operators – Specialists Technicians - Clerks 10 professions 10 professions 74 professions 74 professions 33 professions 33 professions 84 professions 84 professions Source: Internet and Information Technology Position Descriptions HandiGuide, 2006 Edition

19 ICT-Enabled Worker Taxonomy core competencies Halaman 19

20 Halaman 20 ICT-Enabled Worker Special Skills Information Management Information Management Gathering Storing Organising Selecting Accessing Synthesising Transfering Distributing Communication Media Communication Media Asynchronus 1-1 (e.g. ) Asynchronus 1-1 (e.g. ) Asynchronus 1-M (e.g. newsgroup) Asynchronus 1-M (e.g. newsgroup) Asynchronus M-1 (e.g. website) Asynchronus M-1 (e.g. website) Asynchronus M-M (e.g. mailing list) Asynchronus M-M (e.g. mailing list) Synchronus 1-1 (e.g. chatting) Synchronus 1-1 (e.g. chatting) Synchronus 1-M (e.g. teleconference) Synchronus 1-M (e.g. teleconference) Synchronus M-1 (e.g. telereporting) Synchronus M-1 (e.g. telereporting) Synchronus M-M (e.g. IRC) Synchronus M-M (e.g. IRC) Productivity Tools Productivity Tools Word Processor Spreadsheet Presentation Database Image Processor Internet Browser Publication Personal Assistance Cyber Discourse Cyber Discourse e-Marketing e-Advertisement e-Publication e-Journalism e-Public Relations e-Broadcasting e-Telephony e-CRM Various Applications Various Applications Application #1 Application #2 Application #3 Application #4 Application #5 Application #6 Application #N

21 Halaman 21 ICT- Worker Professions NoCategorySub categoryNbr of professions High demand, low supply 1.ExecutivesChief Executive Off.44 Vice President62 2.ManagerDirector125 Manager StaffSupervisor, Assistant manager, Administrator, Coordinator, Operator 3311

22 SUPPLY SIDE Higher Education Institutions 22

23 Growth of HEI Type of HEIs Academy ,034 Institute Polytechnics School of HL 1,0721,1171,1701,2371,306 University Total 2,3802,5052,6552,8483,016 Growth rate 5% 6%7%6% Halaman 23

24 growth of student number Component Year Age 19 – 24 Year old Public HEIs Private HEIs Official Institutions Religious HEIs Open University TOTAL Gross Enrollment (%) 15.26%16.91%17.26%17.75%18.36% Halaman 24

25 725 1, ,000 Number of IT institutions ~100,000 Halaman 25

26 Jumlah Program Studi Jumlah Penduduk Sebaran Program Studi Bidang Komputer dan Informatika dan Jumlah Penduduk 26

27 ISU STRATEGIS 27

28 Isu strategis dari sisi demand Demand: – Perkembangan sains dan teknologi informatika dan telekomunikasi yang sangat pesat – Laju keusangan pengetahuan dan ketrampilan yang tinggi – Integrasi berbagai disiplin ilmu: komunikasi,informasi, multimedia, industri kreatif, animasi, akunting, bisnis, rekayasa, elektronika, dsb. – Munculnya sertifikasi oleh perusahaan software & hardware (Microsoft, cisco, ibm, dsb.) – Spektrum kebutuhan yang sangat beragam dari perusahaan multi nasional sampai UMKM Halaman 28

29 Isu strategis dari sisi suplai Supply: – Banyak sekali institusi pendidikan tinggi TIKOM – Variasi nama program studi – Quality gaps antar institusi – Kurikulum non standar, kerangka kualifikasi belum baku – Unreadable degree (kompetensi lulusan tidak baku) – Struktur dan isi kurikulum kurang adaptif terhadap dinamika perubahan dan perkembangan teknologi yang cepat – Staff yang memenuhi kualifikasi berpusat di perguruan tinggi tertentu saja, terutama di Jawa – Lulusan belum siap untuk menjadi wirausaha Halaman 29

30 Apa yang harus dilakukan Pengembangan kurikulum yang adaptif & fleksibel untuk menghadapi lingkungan, iptek yang dinamis – Landasan sains yang kuat – Kompetensi inti yang jelas dan mudah difahami publik – Mata kuliah pilihan yang relevan dengan tren dunia TIK dan dunia kerja Student centered learning untuk menyiapkan life-long learners ICT-enabled resource sharing antar institusi Menyiapkan program-program retraining (bagi life-long learners) untuk beradaptasi dengan perubahan ipteks Mendekatkan perguruan tinggi dengan dunia industri Membangun jejaring yang kuat di antara institusi pendidikan tinggi dan antara IPT dan DUDI Membangun sistem informasi yang baik bagi publik baik dari sisi demand (kebutuhan DUDI) maupun suplai (perguruan tinggi) 30

31 Terima Kasih 31


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