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BAHASA INGGRIS I BASIC SENTENCE TYPE III, IV, DAN V.

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Presentasi berjudul: "BAHASA INGGRIS I BASIC SENTENCE TYPE III, IV, DAN V."— Transcript presentasi:

1 BAHASA INGGRIS I BASIC SENTENCE TYPE III, IV, DAN V

2 BASIC SENTENCE TYPE III SENTENCE SUBJECT UNSUR-UNSUR SUBJECT (LIHAT BST I) PREDICATE INTRANSITIVE VERB 1. Kata kerja yang tidak memerlukan objek 2. Kata yang tidak bisa dijadikan bentuk pasif ADVERBIAL OF MANNER, PLACE, TIME, REASON

3 EXAMPLES John works seriously (adverb of manner) Magelang lies in central Java (adv. Of place) Work starts at 7.30 (adv. Of time) Adverb of Manner: - Kata yang menerangkan kata kerja - Menjawab pertanyaan “How” - Adv. of manner dapat berasal dari kata sifat + ly Kecuali sbb: Hard, fast, late, early, high, low, far, near, close, much, a little, little, “good – well”

4 L ANJUTAN BST III Didalam bahasa Indonesia “ly” diartikan: “dengan “………… / “secara”…………… Jika adverb itu digabung menjadi satu maka susunanya sbb: Adv of time diletakkan paling awal atau paling belakang dari sebuah kalimat. Tetapi bila ada adv of reason, maka adv of time diletakkan sebelum adv of reason (adverb of reason diletakkan paling belakang suatu kalimat) atau adv of time tetap berada di awal kalimat. Adv of manner dan adv of place dapat di bolak- balik.

5 C ONTOH : They study in the library seriously everyday S P Adv of place Adv of M Adv of time because of his encouragement. adv of reason Dirubah menjadi: Everyday they study in the library seriously adv of time S P adv of place adv of M because of his encouragement. adv of reason

6 BASIC SENTENCE TYPE IV UNSUR-UNSUR SUBJECT (LIHAT BST I) SENTENCESUBJECTPREDICATE TRANSITIVE VERB OBJECT UNSUR-UNSUR OBJECT

7 LANJUTAN BST IV PERSONAL PRONOUN SEBAGAI SUBJECT PERSONAL PRONOUN SEBAGAI OBJECT I We You They He She me us you them him her Note: 1.Transitive Verb: kata kerja yang memerlukan objek 2.Dapat dibentuk passive voice

8 N OTE : P ENGEMBANGAN BST IV Bandingkan Contoh Berikut: He is busy. (BST 1) S P They make planes quickly. (BST IV) S P O Adv. Of Manner They make planes quick. S P O Object Complement. ( BST VI): Pada dasarnya BST VI masuk ke dalam BST IV.

9 B ASIC SENTENCE TYPE V SENTENCE SUBJECT PREDICATE OBJECT A UNSUR-UNSUR SUBJECT (LIHAT BST I) B - II - C -II – TRANSISITVE VERB - II - -II – UNSUR-UNSUR INDIRECT OBJECT (IO) DIRECT OBJECT (DO) DO/IO UNUSUR-UNSUR DIRECT OBJECT (DO) INDIRECT OBJECT (IO) IO/DO

10 CONTOH A : Ask: menanyakan: They ask their teacher a lot of questions. Charge: meminta ongkos: I charge them Rp 100,000 for this servis. Cost: menelan biaya: Education costs us a lot of money. Save: menghemat: Computer saves us time and energy. Envy: mengirikan/iri: I never envy him his success. Forgive: memaafkan: Does God forgive us our sins. Wish: mengharapkan: I wish you a happy stay.

11 CONTOH B: Announce: mengumumkan: We don’t announce the schedule to them now. Describe: menggambarkan: This story describe the up and down of life to us. Explain: menerangkan: Our instructors explain the subject to us clearly. Mention: menyebutkan: He often mentions the same word to me. Prove: membuktikan: You never prove your responsibility to them. Repeat: mengulangi: He often repeats it to me. Report: He rarely reports his work to his boss. Say: mengatakan: I never say good by to you. Borrow: meminjam: He frequently borrow money from me. Deliver: mengirimkan: The milkman delivers a bottle of milk to us twice a week. Suggest: menyarankan: He often suggests new ideas to the chairman.

12 C ONTOH C : Bring: membawa/kan Buy: membeli/kan Get: mengambil/kan Give: memberi/kan Land: meminjami/kan Make: membuat/kan Send: mengirimi/kan Show: menunjukkan Sell: menjual Write: berkirim surat

13 N OTE :


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