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Created Abdul Roup Abdul Wahid M Acep Supardi by: Achmad Alipian Ahmad Rifa’i.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Created Abdul Roup Abdul Wahid M Acep Supardi by: Achmad Alipian Ahmad Rifa’i."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Created Abdul Roup Abdul Wahid M Acep Supardi by: Achmad Alipian Ahmad Rifa’i

2 Auxiliary verb ialah kata kerja yang terdapat sebelum main atau lexical verb dalam kalimat. Auxiliary verb memiliki fungsi untuk memodikasi atau menambahkan kata kerja utama sehingga memiliki sebuah makna yang jelas maksudnya. Pengertian auxiliary verb

3 Auxiliary verb adalah kata kerja yang membantu kata kerja lain untuk membentuk sebuah struktur kalimat yang lengkap. Ciri utama dari auxiliary verb adalah tidak dapat berdiri dalam satu kalimat, tetapi memerlukan kata kerja lainnya ( full verb) auxiliary verb juga dikatakan sebagai helping verb, special verb, pre- verb, special finite atau syintatical operators. Pengertian auxiliary verb

4 Macam – macam auxiliary verb  Primary auxiliary verb ( to be, to do, dan to have )  Secondary auxiliary verb (Modals Auxiliary, ought ( to ), dare, need, used to)

5 To Be By : Abdul Wahid Muharram

6 Penggunaan To Be ( Is, Am, Are, Was, Were ) Sebagai Linking Verb ( Kata Kerja Sambung ) Example : I am sick They was here yesterday. Menerangkan bentuk waktu Example : I am studying English I have been discussing about his problem for two hours. Membentuk Passive Voice ( Bentuk Pasif ) Example : My book is borrowed by my friend This love novel was read by my mother.

7 To Do By : Abdul Roup

8 Penggunaan To Do ( Do, Does, Did dan Done ) Membentuk kalimat Negative Example : She does not speak English every day She did not visit me yesterday. Membuat kalimat Interogative dan jawabannya. Example : Do you always read a book every day ? Yes, I do. Did you get up early yesterday ? No, I did not. Sebagai verb yang berarti mengerjakan Example : I did it yesterday She always does the assignments from her teacher every week.

9 To Have By : Acep Supardi

10 Penggunaan To Have ( Has, Have dan Had ) Sebagai Helping Verb (kata kerja bantu) dalam tenses Example : I have received a letter from my friend She has written a short story. Sebagai verb (kata kerja) yang berarti mempunyai Example : I have 2 books that I bought from book-store yesterday. She has many cars because she is a rich woman.

11 Modal Auxiliaries By : Achmad Alipian

12 Penggunaan Can Menyatakan kemampuan Example : She can run quickly We can speak English well. Permintaan izin Example : Can I know your address, please ? Can you lent me a book, please ? Kemungkinan Example : Don’t you disturb that wolf, it can bite you.

13 Penggunaan Could Bentuk lampau dari Can Example : I could not go to school 2 days ago because I was sick I could memorize many English vocabularies quickly when I was young. Izin yang sangat sopan Example : Could you help me,please ? Could you go to Semarang with me, please ? Menyatakan kemungkinan yang kurang dari 50% Example : He could be at home He could be sick.

14 Penggunaan May Permintaan yang sopan Example : May I borrow your pen, please ? May I sit here, please ? Menyatakan kemungkinan yang kurang dari 50% Example : She may be at home They may be at the Library. Menyatakan pengharapan Example : May God bless you May you be happy.

15 Penggunaan Might Permintaan yang sopan Example : Might I speak English, please ? Menyatakan kemungkinan yang kurang dari 50% Example : He might be at Library yesterday You might forget to write a message to your mother.

16 Penggunaan Will Menyatakan pekerjaan yang akan dilakukan Example : I will study hard She will come here right away. Permintaan yang sopan Example : Will you come here tomorrow, please ? Will you go with me, please ?

17 Penggunaan Would Bentuk lampau dari will Example : He would go to the Teatre when I met him yesterday. Permintaan yang sopan Example : Would you come here tomorrow, please ? Would + like, menunjukkan arti keinginan Example : I would like to go with you She would like to study hard to face the exam.

18 Penggunaan Must Keinginan yang kuat Example : You must (have to) study hard to face the exam. She must (has to) speak honestly ! Larangan Example : You must not speak loudly, because my father is sleeping ! You must not open the door ! Menyatakan kemungkinan yang kepastiannya 95% Example : Why does Anita take a medicine ? She must be sick. Bentuk lampau must adalah had to Example : I had to go to hospital yesterday.

19 Penggunaan Shall Pertanyaan sopan untuk memberi usulan atau tawaran Example : Shall I do this ? Shall I open the door ? Sebagai kata bantu future untuk subjek I dan We, yang berarti akan. Example : I shall do the homework tonight We shall go to Semarang tomorrow.

20 Penggunaan Should Menyatakan nasehat Example : You should read this novel You should study hard. Bentuk lampau dari Shall Example : I should go to your house before you visited my house.

21 Ought to, Dare, Need and Used to By : Ahmad Rifa’i

22 Penggunaan Ought to Kata kerja bantu yang artinya sebaiknya Example : You ought to speak English. Menyatakan pekerjaan yang tidak terselesaikan [ ought to + perfect invinitive ] Example : You ought to have bought this novel

23 Penggunaan Used to Menyatakan pekerjaan yang dilakukan berulang-ulang di masa lampau, sekarang tidak lagi dikerjakan Example : He used to run in the morning when he was still young. She used to speak English when the she was a student of the university. Used to + Gerund, menyatakan perbuatan berulang-ulang sampai masa sekarang Example : I used to writing article everyday She used to teaching hers student patiently.

24 Penggunaan Need Sebagai bentuk negative dari must Example : I need not sleep now. Sebagai kata kerja biasa yang artinya perlu Example : I need your help.

25 Penggunaan Dare Sebagai kata kerja bantu yang berarti berani Example : She dare to go with you He dare to jump down from the top of the wall.

26 Note Pola untuk Passive Voice [ Modal Aux + be + Verb3 ] Example : She must be punished English should be practiced !

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