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Presentasi berjudul: "PERKEMBANGAN DEFINISI TEKNOLOGI PENDIDIKAN"— Transcript presentasi:
1 PERKEMBANGAN DEFINISI TEKNOLOGI PENDIDIKAN OlehProf. Dr.Yusufhadi Miarso, M.Sc.
2 ARTI DEFINISI PEMBATASAN DAN/ATAU PENJELASAN SUATU KONSEP SUATU KONSEP DIWAKILI OLEH SATU ISTILAHISTILAH DIPERLUKAN UNTUK MEMPERMUDAH KOMUNIKASIISTILAH ITU MENUNJUKKAN GAGASAN TERTENTU DAN MEWAKILI RUJUKAN TERTENTU
3 SEGITIGA ACUAN (Triangle of Reference) GagasanMenunjukkanMengacuMewakiliIstilahRujukan
4 DEFINISI KONSEP DEFINISI KONOTATIF DEFINISI DENOTATIF MENGHUBUNGKAN/MENJELASKAN DENGAN KONSEP LAIN YANG KURANG ABSTRAKDEFINISI DENOTATIFMENUNJUKKAN GAGASAN DAN RUJUKAN, TERMASUK KONDISI, PROSEDUR DLL. YANG DIPERLUKAN
5 PERLUNYA DEFINIISIKonghucu (Confucius – seperti dikutip James D. Finn) : “The one thing needed is the definition of terms. If terms are ill defined, statements disagree with facts; when statements disagree with facts, business is mismanaged; when business is mismanaged, order and harmony do not flourish, then justice becomes arbitrary, the people do not know how to move hand or foot”
6 AWAL PERKEMBANGAN (1) Teaching aids (1920) Visual instruction (1928) – first book by Anna V. Doris “Visual Instruction in the Public Schools”Audiovisual Instruction (1930)Tujuan :Mengkonkritkan konsep abstrakMengklasifikasikan alat bantu visualMengintergrasikan alat bantu visual dalam kurikulum
7 AWAL PERKEMBANGAN (2)Audiovisual Communications (1932) – dibentuknya DAVI (Department of Audiovisul Instruction) dari NEATujuan :Promoting and using visual aids in the schoolEnrichment for teachers in the classroomsTechniques to improve instruction
8 DAVI of NEA First Definition (1963) : Audiovisual communications is that branch of educational theory and practice primarily concerned with the design and use of messages which control the learning process. … These undertaking include the planning, production, selection, management, and utilization of both components and entire instructional systems.
9 PESIDENTIAL COMMISSION ON INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGY (1970) The media born of the communication revolution which can be used for instructional purposesA systematic way of designing, carrying out, and evaluating the total process of learning and teaching in terms of specific objectives, based on the research in human learning and communication and employing a combination of human and non human resources to bring about more effective instruction
10 DAVI AECT 1970 Second Definition 1972 Educational technology is a field involved in the facilitation of human learning through the systematic identification, development, organization and utilization of a full range of learning resources and through the management of these processes
11 THE FIELD OF EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY (1972) MANAGEMENTFUNCTIONSOrganizationManagementPersonnelLEARNING RESOURCESDEVELOPMENT FUNCTIONSResearch-TheoryDesignProduction-LocationEvaluation-SelectionOrganization-SupplyUtilization(utilization-dissemination)LEARNING RESOURCESresources by resources bydesign utilizationpeoplematerialssettingsTools/equipmentactivitiesofofpeoplewho
12 AECT Third DefinitionEducational technology is a complex, integrated process, involving people, procedures, ideas, devices and organization, for analyzing problem and devising, implementing, evaluating and managing solutions to those problems, involves in all aspects of human learning.
13 Domain of Educational Technology MANAGEMENTFUNCTIONSOrganizationManagementPersonalEDUCATIONALDEVELOPMENTFUNCTIONSResearch-theoryDesignProductionEvaluation –SelectionLogisticsUtilizationUtilization/DisseminationLEARNINGRESOURCESMessagePeopleMaterialsDevicesTechniquesSettingsLEARNER
14 AECT Fourth Definition 1994 Instructional technology is the theory and practice of design, development, utilization, management, and evaluation of processes and resources for learningComponents of the definition :theory and practiceof design, development, utilization, management and evaluationof processes and resourcesfor learning