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Chapter 1: Financial Accounting and Accounting Standards Pengampu: Pepie Diptyana

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Presentasi berjudul: "Chapter 1: Financial Accounting and Accounting Standards Pengampu: Pepie Diptyana"— Transcript presentasi:

1 Chapter 1: Financial Accounting and Accounting Standards Pengampu: Pepie Diptyana

2 Akuntansi Keuangan 1 2 LINGKUP BAHASAN Tujuan Pemelajaran Karakteristik Akuntansi Keuangan Tujuan Pelaporan Akuntansi pada Perusahaan BisnisTujuan Pelaporan Akuntansi pada Perusahaan Bisnis Makna GAAP Proses Penyusunan Standar House of GAAP Tantangan yang Dihadapi Akuntansi KeuanganTantangan yang Dihadapi Akuntansi Keuangan

3 1.Mengidentifikasi LK utama dan makna-makna pelaporan keuangan 2.Menjelaskan bagaimana akuntansi dapat membantu pemanfaatan sumber daya yang langka secara efisien 3.Mengidentifikasi beberapa tantangan yang dihadapi oleh akuntansi 4.Mengidentifikasi tujuan pelaporan keuangan Tujuan Pemelajaran

4 Akuntansi Keuangan Menjelaskan pentingnya standar akuntansi 6.Mengidentifikasi badan-badan penyusun- kebijakan penting di Amerika dan peran mereka dalam proses penyusunan standar 7.Menjelaskan makna GAAP 8.Menggambarkan pengaruh/dampak kelompok pengguna LK pada proses penyusunan standar 9.Memahami isu-isu yang terkait dengan etika dan akuntansi keuangan

5 Akuntansi Keuangan 1 5 Accounting identifies, measures and communicates financial information. This information is about economic entities. Information is communicated to interested parties such as investors, creditors, unions and governmental agencies. Characteristics of Financial Accounting

6 Financial Reporting aids users in the allocation of scarce resources. Accounting and the Efficient Use of Scarce Resources

7 in Statement of Financial Accounting Concepts No. 1. The objectives are as follows: Information provided must be useful in investment and credit decisions. Information must be useful in assessing cash flow prospects. Information must be about enterprise resources, claims to those resources and changes therein. Objectives of Financial Reporting by Business Enterprises

8 Laporan keuangan dinyatakan wajar apabila disusun berdasarkan prinsip-prinsip yang diterima umum dikembangkan oleh profesi untuk dapat menyajikan operasi keuangan perusahaan secara fairly, clearly and completely terdiri dari authoritative pronouncements yang diterbitkan oleh badan-badan akuntansi tertentu Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP)

9 Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA) Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Governmental Accounting Standards Board (GASB) The Standard Setting Process: Parties Involved

10 The FASB enjoys the following advantages compared to its predecessor, the Accounting Principles Board: * smaller membership * greater autonomy * increased independence of members * broader representation on the Board The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB)

11 In establishing financial standards, the FASB follows a due process procedure. The due process procedure gives time to interested persons to make their views known to the Board. FASB Due Process

12 AGENDA 1 Topics for standard setting are identified Discussion Memorandum 2 The FASB issues initial research and analysis Public Hearing 3 4 A public hearing is conducted FASB Due Process

13 Exposure Draft 4 The FASB issues an exposure draft (tentative standard) Final Standard 5 The FASB evaluates responses and issues the final standard FASB Due Process

14 Standards and Interpretations Financial Accounting Concepts Technical Bulletins Emerging Issues Task Force Statements Major Types of FASB Pronouncements

15 Financial Accounting Foundation FASB Financial Accounting Standards Advisory Council GASB Governmental Accounting Standards Advisory Council Staff and Task Force Organizational Structure for Setting Standards

16 House of GAAP

17 Non-financial measurements need to be developed and reported More information needs to be provided regarding soft assets (intangibles). Forward-looking information, in addition to historical information, must be provided. Statements may have to be prepared on a real-time basis (and not just periodically). Challenges Facing Financial Accounting

18 An expectations gap exists between the public’s perception of the profession’s accountability and profession’s perception of its accountability to the public. Corrective steps include the setting up of the: SEC Practice sections and Public Oversight Board. The Expectations Gap

19 The International Accounting Standards Committee (IASC) was formed in The objective was to narrow divergence in international financial reporting. There are many similarities between U.S. and International accounting standards. The concern is that international standards may not be as rigorous as U.S. standards. International Accounting Standards


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