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MANAJEMEN STRATEGI dan KINERJA BISNIS FO312 Chapter 9 ANALISIS SITUASI.

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Presentasi berjudul: "MANAJEMEN STRATEGI dan KINERJA BISNIS FO312 Chapter 9 ANALISIS SITUASI."— Transcript presentasi:

1 MANAJEMEN STRATEGI dan KINERJA BISNIS FO312 Chapter 9 ANALISIS SITUASI

2 Analisis SWOT Adalah analisis sistematis untuk mengidentifikasikan faktor-faktor kekuatan (strength), kelemahan (Weeknesess) intern perusahaan serta peluang (oppurtunities) dan ancaman (threats) dalam lingkungan yang dihadapi perusahaan.

3 IDENTIFIKASI INTERN PERUSAHAAN STRENGTH (Kekuatan) Kekuatan adalah sumber daya, ketrampilan atau keunggulan-keunggulan lain relatif terhadap pesaing. Kekuatan adalah kompentensi khusus yang memberikan keunggulan komparatif bagi perusahaan di pasar. WEEKNESESS (Kelemahan) Kelemahan adalah keterbatasan atau kekurangan dalam sumber daya, ketrampilan dan kapabilitas menghambat kinerja efektif perusahaan.

4 The Nature of an Internal Audit -- Strengths -- Weaknesses Functional Areas of Business

5 Internal strengths/weaknesses External opportunities/threats Clear statement of mission Nature of an Internal Audit Basis for Objectives & Strategies

6 Key Internal Forces Functional Business Areas:  Vary by organization  Divisions have differing strengths & weaknesses

7 Key Internal Forces Distinctive Competencies:  Firm’s strengths that cannot be easily matched or imitated by competitors

8 Key Internal Forces Distinctive Competencies:  Building competitive advantage involves taking advantage of distinctive competencies

9 Key Internal Forces Distinctive Competencies:  Strategies designed to improve on a firm’s weaknesses and turn to strengths

10 IFE– Gateway Computers (2003) Key Internal Factors WeightRating Wtd Score Strengths 1. Several new senior executive with world- class skills and leadership experience Continuous decline in operating costs and cost of goods sold Well-known brand name Consumer Reports (Sept 2002) recommended Gateway 500X as # As a direct seller, Gateway holds high brand recognition

11 IFE– Gateway Computers (2003) Key Internal Factors WeightRating Wtd Score Strengths (cont’d) 6. Gateway is diversifying into non-PC products Good relationship with its suppliers Economies of scale, the 6 th largest PC maker I the world Gateway retails stores excellent

12 IFE– Gateway Computers (2003) Key Internal Factors WeightRating Wtd Score Weaknesses 1. High operating expense (22% of revenue vs. 10% for Dell) Almost no budget for R&D vs. Dell’s 18% of revenue Low return on assets ratio No niche market

13 IFE– Gateway Computers (2003) Key Internal Factors WeightRating Wtd Score Weaknesses (cont’d) 5. Shortage of cash due to successive losses Limited number Gateway stores Weak performance in overseas market TOTAL

14 LINGKUNGAN YANG DIHADAPI PERUSAHAAN OPPURTUNITIES (Peluang) Adalah situasi penting yang menguntungkan dalam lingkungan perusahaan THREAT (Ancaman) Ancaman adalah situasi penting yang tidak menguntungkan dalam lingkungan perusahaan

15 Purpose of External Audit  Identify Opportunities Threats External Strategic Management Audit

16 Key External Forces Economic forces Social, cultural, demographic & environmental forces Political, governmental & legal forces Technological forces Competitive forces

17 Competitors Suppliers Distributors Creditors Customers Employees Communities Managers Stockholders Labor Unions Special Interest Groups Products Services Key External Forces Opportunities & Threats Key External Forces & the Organization

18 Cara Membuat Analisis Swot A. Tahap Pengumpulan Data 1. Data Eksternal : a. Analisis Lingkungan Eksternal Mikro Analisis pasar Analisis pesaing Analisis pemasok Analisis konsumen baik domestik maupun global

19 Cara Membuat Analisis Swot (lanjutan) b. Analisis Lingkungan Eksternal Makro # Politik # Ekonomi # Sosial Budaya # Teknologi # Ekologi # Geografi baik Domestik maupun Global

20 Cara Membuat Analisis Swot (lanjutan) b. Data Internal : Laporan keuangan Laporan kegiatan SDM Laporan kegiatan operasi/produksi Laporan pemasaran Budaya perusahaan Nilai-nilai yang diyakini manajemen Struktur organisasi

21 21 B.Tahap Analisis Dalam tahap ini akan disusun diagram SWOT sbb:


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