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Presentasi berjudul: "CURRICULUM & MATERIAL DEVELOPMENT BY: NURHAYATI, M.Pd. UHAMKA 2011."— Transcript presentasi:


2 The first meeting  1. What is curriculum?  2. What is syllabus?  3. The difference between curriculum and syllabus

3 What is curriculum?  A curriculum is the set of courses, course work, and content offered at a school or university.  A curriculum is a focus of study, consisting of various courses all designed to reach a particular proficiency or qualification.  A curriculum may also refer to a defined and prescribed course of studies, which students must fulfill in order to pass a certain level of education.

4 “Curriculum is a very general concept which involves consideration of the whole complex of philosophical, social and administrative factors which contribute to the planning of an educational program.” (Nunan, 2000: 6)

5 Curriculum can be defined, as an educational program which states:  “The educational purpose of the program (the ends)  The content teaching procedures and learning experience which will be necessary to achieve this purpose (the means)  Some means for assessing whether or not the educational ends have been achieved.” ( Richards, Platt and Platt 1993: 94)

6 Kerr defines curriculum as, 'All the learning which is planned and guided by the school, whether it is carried on in groups or individually, inside or outside the school. (quoted in Kelly 1983: 10; see also, Kelly 1999)

7 Four ways of approaching curriculum theory and practice  Curriculum as a body of knowledge to be transmitted.  Curriculum as an attempt to achieve certain ends in students - product.  Curriculum as process.  Curriculum as praxis.

8 syllabusprocessproduct praxis The theoreticalThe practicalThe productive

9 Model of curriculum design 1. learners’ present level of competence 2. Course objective 3. Reason for studying English and long term learning aims 6. Learners’ age group, present life style and interest 5. Social cultural factors and learning habits of relevance to English teaching 7. Aspect of target culture that will interest learners and can be exploited in materials 4. Resource limitation that affect classroom activity A. Language and procedures to be covered by the course (1,2,3) B. Emphasis on particular skills (1,2,3,4) D. Themes for course materials and texts: choice of suitable text book C. Methodology to be used; type and sequencing of activities (4,5,6)

10 National curriculum  Undang-Undang Republik Indonesia Nomor 20 Tahun 2003 tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional. “Kurikulum adalah seperangkat rencana dan pengaturan mengenai tujuan, isi dan bahan pelajaran serta cara yang digunakan sebagai pedoman penyelenggaraan kegiatan pembelajaran untuk mencapai tujuan pendidikan tertentu.”

11 KTSP  Standar Isi SI mencakup lingkup materi dan tingkat kompetensi untuk mencapai kompetensi lulusan pada jenjang dan jenis pendidikan tertentu. Termasuk dalam SI adalah : kerangka dasar dan struktur kurikulum, Standar Kompetensi (SK) dan Kompetensi Dasar (KD) setiap mata pelajaran pada setiap semester dari setiap jenis dan jenjang pendidikan dasar dan menengah. SI ditetapkan dengan Kepmendiknas No. 22 Tahun 2006.

12  Standar Kompetensi Lulusan SKL merupakan kualifikasi kemampuan lulusan yang mencakup sikap, pengetahuan dan keterampilan sebagaimana yang ditetapkan dengan Kepmendiknas No. 23 Tahun 2006.

13  Tujuan Panduan Penyusunan KTSP ini untuk menjadi acuan bagi satuan pendidikan SD/MI/SDLB, SMP/MTs/SMPLB, SMA/MA/SMALB, dan SMK/MAK dalam penyusunan dan pengembangan kurikulum yang akan dilaksanakan pada tingkat satuan pendidikan yang bersangkutan.

14 What is syllabus?  A syllabus is simply an outline and time line of a particular course. It will typically give a brief overview of the course objectives, course expectations, list reading assignments, homework deadlines, and exam dates.  A syllabus is a document which consist, essentially, of list. This list specifies all the things that are to be taught in the course. ( Penny Ur, 1998)

15 The difference between curriculum and syllabus  Curriculum is for a course.  Curriculum is the superset.  Curriculum is a consideration of the objectives, the contents, methods chosen to achieve the objective.  Syllabus is for a subject.  Syllabus is the subset of the curriculum.  Syllabus is the concepts to be taught. CurriculumSyllabus

16 Assignment make your own syllabus for teaching in an English course.

17 Sources 1. James Dean Brown, The Element of Language Curriculum, Heinle & Heinle Publishers, 1995 2. I.S.P. Nation & John Macalister, Language Curriculum Design, Taylor and Francis, 2010 3. Jeremy Harmer, The practice of English Language Teaching, Pearson Education Limited, 2007 4. Penny Ur, A Course in Language Teaching, Cambridge University Press, 1996


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