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Copyright © 2004 South-Western 5 Elasticity and Its Applications.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Copyright © 2004 South-Western 5 Elasticity and Its Applications."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Copyright © 2004 South-Western 5 Elasticity and Its Applications

2 Copyright © 2004 South-Western/Thomson Learning Keyword Elastisitas Bagaimanakah dampak perubahan harga pada permintaan dan penawaran? Berapa besar dampak yang ditimbulkan?

3 Copyright © 2004 South-Western/Thomson Learning Anda seorang konsumen Buatlah list mengenai barang-barang apa yang tetap akan Anda beli meskipun harga barang tersebut naik 100% (Asumsi: pendapatan dari orang tua hanya 1.5 juta/bulan) Buatlah pula list barang-barang yang tidak akan Anda beli meskipun harga naik 100%.

4 Copyright © 2004 South-Western/Thomson Learning Jadi, Apa itu Elastisitas?

5 Copyright © 2004 South-Western/Thomson Learning Faktor – Faktor yang Menentukan Elastisitas Permintaan Ketersediaan barang substitusi Kebutuhan vs Kemewahan Pengertian pasar Jangka waktu

6 Copyright © 2004 South-Western/Thomson Learning Menghitung Elastisitas Permintaan Penghitungan titik tengah

7 Copyright © 2004 South-Western/Thomson Learning Macam-Macam Elastisitas Permintaan Inelastis Kurang dari 1. Elastis Lebih dari satu. Elastisitas Unit Sama dengan 1

8 Copyright © 2004 South-Western/Thomson Learning Contoh Tranportasi saat Idul Fitri atau Natal Buku kuliah yang menentukan “hidup dan mati” Traveling atau perjalanan bisnis

9 Copyright © 2004 South-Western/Thomson Learning Computing the Price Elasticity of Demand Demand is price elastic $5 4 Demand Quantity Price

10 Figure 1 The Price Elasticity of Demand Copyright©2003 Southwestern/Thomson Learning (a) Perfectly Inelastic Demand: Elasticity Equals 0 $5 4 Quantity Demand An increase in price leaves the quantity demanded unchanged. Price

11 Figure 1 The Price Elasticity of Demand (b) Inelastic Demand: Elasticity Is Less Than 1 Quantity 0 $5 90 Demand 1. A 22% increase in price... Price leads to an 11% decrease in quantity demanded

12 Figure 1 The Price Elasticity of Demand Copyright©2003 Southwestern/Thomson Learning leads to a 22% decrease in quantity demanded. (c) Unit Elastic Demand: Elasticity Equals 1 Quantity Price $ A 22% increase in price... Demand

13 Figure 1 The Price Elasticity of Demand (d) Elastic Demand: Elasticity Is Greater Than 1 Demand Quantity Price $ A 22% increase in price leads to a 67% decrease in quantity demanded.

14 Figure 1 The Price Elasticity of Demand (e) Perfectly Elastic Demand: Elasticity Equals Infinity Quantity 0 Price $4 Demand 2. At exactly $4, consumers will buy any quantity. 1. At any price above $4, quantity demanded is zero. 3. At a price below $4, quantity demanded is infinite.

15 Copyright © 2004 South-Western/Thomson Learning Poin Gambarkan kurva permintaan yang cenderung elastis dan inelastis Masukkan salah satu contoh dari list yang telah dibuat


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