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Kehutanan Sosial (Social Forestry) KTM 311 Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan,

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Presentasi berjudul: "Kehutanan Sosial (Social Forestry) KTM 311 Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan,"— Transcript presentasi:

1 Kehutanan Sosial (Social Forestry) KTM 311 Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan Dosen: Prof. Dr. Hasanu Simon Teguh Yuwono, MSc Dwiko Budi Permadi, MSc

2 Personal Personal Reader (bahan bacaan)Reader (bahan bacaan) –Bahan ajar: T. Yuwono –Journal (mostly in English) by (elisa) –Lain-lain Group (kelompok)Group (kelompok)

3 Proposition 1 “Kehutanan sosial merupakan paradigma baru yang akan mampu memperbaiki pengelolaan hutan dan konservasi alam” (improved the management of forests and nature conservation) Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan

4 Proposition 2 Kehutanan sosial didasarkan pada asumsi untuk memperbaiki pembangunan sosial ekonomi masyarakat sekitar hutan”Kehutanan sosial didasarkan pada asumsi untuk memperbaiki pembangunan sosial ekonomi masyarakat sekitar hutan” (improved socio-economic development) Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan

5 Proposition 3 Tujuan “pembangunan” dan “konservasi alam” dapat disatukan melalui pendekatan community based forest management and conservation. Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan

6 Menu hari ini: Sejarah dan asumsi dasar SF Rintisan dan perkembangan SFRintisan dan perkembangan SF Karakteristik utamaKarakteristik utama Asumsi dasarAsumsi dasar Rintisan dan perkembangan SFRintisan dan perkembangan SF Karakteristik utamaKarakteristik utama Asumsi dasarAsumsi dasar Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan

7 Pertimbangan dasar Hutan bukanlah rimba liar tanpa pengaruh manusiaHutan bukanlah rimba liar tanpa pengaruh manusia –60 juta masyarakat adat (indigenous people) –400 – 500 juta masyarakat yang bergantung hidupnya pada hutan (forest dependent people, fdp) Kebutuhan hidup masyarakat tersebut harus diperhitungkan dalam pengelolaan/konservasi hutanKebutuhan hidup masyarakat tersebut harus diperhitungkan dalam pengelolaan/konservasi hutan Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan

8 Official forest ownership in 24 of top 30 forest countriesOfficial forest ownership in 24 of top 30 forest countries –Owned and administered by governments: 2803 million hectares (77%)2803 million hectares (77%) –Owned by government and reserved for community and indigenous groups: 131 million hectares (4%)131 million hectares (4%) –Owned and administered by community and indigenous groups: 246 million hectares (7%)246 million hectares (7%) –Owned and administered by firms and individuals: 443 million hectares (12%)443 million hectares (12%) Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan

9 Rintisan dan Perkembangan 1976 –istilah social forestry di India –Dikuatkan oleh FAO 1978 –World Forestry Congress VIII di Jakarta  forests for people 1980 –World conservation union congress (IUCN), WWF dan UNEP Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan

10 National Commission on Agriculture, India, 1976 –Stimulate social forestry to make it possible to meet the villagers needs for forest products from readily accessible areas, and thereby lighten the burden on industrial production forests FAO programme on Forestry for local community development, 1976 –Rural dependence on forest outputs such as fuelwood and timber, food, and income should be met by stimulating local forest management Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan

11 WWF VIII  forest for people: communal actions by rural people –rescindment of Westoby notion about industrialization and modernization 1980 World Conservation Strategy (IUCN,UNEP, WWF)  Three main considerations –Conservation also needed outside official nature reserves –Growing interest in grass-root development –Later added: Rights for indigenous people Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan

12 Development of SF/CBFMC Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan

13 Asumsi dasar 1: memperbaiki pengelolaan hutan dan konservasi Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan Involvement of all available human resources for efficient resource conservationInvolvement of all available human resources for efficient resource conservation –Change open-access resource use to community controlled use –Local resource use can take pressure away from main conservation areas Small-scale community activities more sustainable than large-scale commercial activitiesSmall-scale community activities more sustainable than large-scale commercial activities –Local communities cannot ‘walk away’ from environmental degradation and its negative consequences

14 Asumsi dasar 2: memperbaiki pembangunan sosial dan ekonomi Small-scale community activities more sustainable than large-scale commercial activitiesSmall-scale community activities more sustainable than large-scale commercial activities –Local communities cannot ‘walk away’ from environmental degradation and its negative consequences Underprivileged groups should be empowered to gain control over the natural resources needed by themUnderprivileged groups should be empowered to gain control over the natural resources needed by them –Involvement landless people –Stimulation of gender equity –Preservation of cultural integrity of tribal people Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan

15 SF Vs Conventional Forestry Role of actors involvedRole of actors involved Organizational characteristicsOrganizational characteristics Technical characteristicsTechnical characteristics Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan

16 Role of actors involved Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan

17 Organizational characteristics Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan

18 Technical characteristics Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan

19 Conclusion SF heralded as strategy for integration of environmental and development concernsSF heralded as strategy for integration of environmental and development concerns But still two contrasting views on scope CBNRM:But still two contrasting views on scope CBNRM: –SF as a tool for more effective conservation of natural resources –SF as a tool for more democratic involvement in use and management of natural resources in agreement with basic values and needs of rural communities Universitas Gadjah Mada Fakultas Kehutanan, Jurusan Manajemen Hutan


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