2 Presented by : Anak Agung Gde Rai Wirawan Yulianingsih Ida Ayu Litha Yusnia DewiNi Made Yuliartini
3 Introduction Assessing Speaking Speaking is a productive skill that can be directly and empirically observed, those observations are invariably colored by the accuracy of effectiveness of a test-taker’s listening skill, which necessarily compromises the reliability and validity of an oral production test
5 ImitativePhonepassA popular test that use imitative production task is phonepass, a widely used, commercially available speaking test in many countries
6 Sentence/ Dialogue Completion Tasks Intensive SpeakingSentence/ Dialogue Completion TasksTest-takers are first given time to read through the dialogue to get its gist and to think about appropriate lines to fill in.Direct ResponPicture-Cued TasksThe test administrator elicits a particular grammatical form or a transformation of sentenceOne of the more popular ways to elicit oral language performance at both intensive and extensive levels is a picture-cued stimulus that requires a description from the test-takersRead-aloudTranslationTranslation is a part of our tradition in language teaching that we tend to discount or disdain, if only because of our current pedagogical stance plays down its importance.Intensive reading-aloud tasks include reading beyond the sentence level up to a paragraph or two
7 Giving Instructions and Directions ResponsiveGiving Instructions and DirectionsThis type of assessment entails a student asking the teacher questions. Essentially, the student assumes control over the conversationQuestion and AnswerQuestion and answer task can consist of one or two questions from an interviewer, or they can make up a portion of a whole battery of questions and prompts in an oral interviewParaphrasingThis type of assessment requires students to listen to a 4 to 6 sentence paragraph. Upon finishing the paragraph, instructors prompt students to give a 1 to 2 sentence summary of what they just heard.
8 Interactiveintervieworal production assessment’ is mentioned the first things that comes to mind is oral interview : a test administrator and a test-taker sit down in a direct face to face exchange and proceed through a protocol of questions and directives.Role PlayRole playing is a popular pedagogical activity in communicative language-teaching classes. Within constrains sets forth by guidelines, it frees students to be somewhat creative in their linguistic output.
9 Discussion and Conversation Discussion and conversation with and among are difficult to specify and even more difficult to score. Assessing the performance of participants through scores or checklist course, discussion is an integrative task, and so it is also advisable to give some cognizance to comprehension performance in evaluating learners.GamesGames are usually the easiest way to get students engaged in learning English. One type of interactive game assessment is information gap grids
10 Picture-cued Story telling ExtensiveOral PresentationsOral presentations would not be uncommon to be called on to present a report, a paper, a marketing plan, a sales idea, a design of new product, or method in academic a professional arenas.Picture-cued Story tellingPicture cued story telling is one of the most techniques for eliciting oral production is through visual picture, photographs, diagrams, and charts
11 Retelling StoryThis is type of task in which test-takers hear or read a story or news event that they are asked to retell. In this form of extensive speaking assessment, students re-tell a story they heardTranslation of words, phrases, or short sentences was mentioned under the category of intensive speaking. The longer texts are presented for the test-takers to read in native language and translate into English.Translation
12 Sentence/ Dialogue Completion Tasks and Oral Questionnaires What test commonly used???
13 . No, I don’t think so. It’s boring. Match these sentences on the left hand to the suitable sentences on the right hand!A : Do you agree If we go out tonight?B : yes, I agreeA : Their performance are very attractiveB :A : clean this room, please?B : Yes, of courseA : I’ll go to the party tonight, but I don’t have a blouse.a blouse?B : Don’t worryA : this computer?B : Thank you so much. I really need it.Can you help meDo you needDo you agreeCould you borrow me. No, I don’t think so. It’s boring.
14 What is the sretches and the weakness?? The strength of this technique lies in its moderate control of the output of the test-taker. While individual variations is responses are accepted, the technique taps into a learner’s ability to discern experiences in a conversation and to produce sociolinguistically correct language.The weakness of this technique is its reliance on literacy and an ability to transfer easily from written to spoken English and is the contrived, inauthentic nature of this task: couldn’t same criterion performance be elicitedWhat is the sretches and the weakness??
15 Lesson PlanStandar Kompetensi : Mengungkapkan makna dalam teks lisan funsional dan monolog pendek sederhana yang berbentuk descriptive dan recount untuk berinteraksi dengan lingkungan sekitar.Kompetensi Dasar : Mengungkapkan makna dalam monolog pendek sederhana dengan menggunakan ragam bahasa lisan secara akurat, lancar dan berterima untuk berinteraksi dengan lingkungan sekitar dalam teks berbentuk descriptive dan recount.Indikator : Mampu mengungkapkan dam melakukan monolog dalam wacana sederhana berbentuk descriptive dengan ragam bahasa lisan secara akurat, lancar dan berterima.Tujuan PembelajaranDiberikan kesempatan pada siswa untuk mengungkapkan makna gagasan dalam wacana berbentuk descriptive dengan ragam bahasa lisan secara akurat, lancar dan berterima untuk lingkungan sekitar
16 Membuat deskripsi lisan berdasarkan gambar dan kata-kata kunci tersebut Key words:BeautifulBrightly coloredFour large wingsSlim, hairlessClub-shaped antennae(feelers)Feed on the nectar of flower on fruit
17 Contoh deskripsi :I see a butterfly perch on a flower. Let me try to describe it for you.The butterfly is very beautiful. It is brightly colored. It has four large wings used to fly from one flower to another flower. Do you know what it does while perching on the flower? Yeah. It sips the nectar. As we know, butterflies feed on nectar or on fruit.The butterfly has a slim and hairless body. It also has club-shaped antennae. The antennae functions as feelers.
18 Choose one of the pictures below. Describe what you see in the picture Choose one of the pictures below. Describe what you see in the picture!!!(five until seven sentences)
19 Rubric Penilaian Aspek URAIAN SKOR Kelancaran Sangat lancar Lancar Cukup lancarKurang lancarTidak berbicara4321Kejelasan maknaSemua ucapan jelas dan dapat dipahamiSebagaian besar jelas dan dapat dipahamiSebagaian kecil jelas dan dapat dipahamiSemua ucapan sulit dipahamiSemua ucapan tidak dapat dipahamiPelafalanSemua ucapan benarSebagaian besar ucapan benarSebagaian kecil ucapan benarHampir semua ucapan tidak benarSemua ucapan tidak benar
20 Semua kata, frasa dan kalimat benar Sebagaian besar benar IntonasiSemua kata, frasa dan kalimat benarSebagaian besar benarSebagaian kecil benarHampir Semua kata salahSemua kata salah4321PenjiwaanSangat baikBaikCukupKurang baikTidak ada penjiwaanSkor maksimal = 20Nilai siswa = Skor Perolehan X 10 =…..20
21 What test and why do you choose it??? Picture-cued TasksWhat test and why do you choose it???. Picture-Cued Tasks A picture-cued stimulus requires a description from the test-taker. It may elicit a word, a phrase, a story, or incident. This form of assessment entails an interviewer asking students what is in the picture or what is happening in the picture. Picture-cued test will make test-takers open their imagination about a picture or things, improve their vocabulary, and test-takers can describe about a things by using oral language performance.