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MATERI XI ASPEK KEUANGAN. Basic Financial Statement  Statement of Operational (Income Statement – Laporan Rugi Laba)  Balance Sheet (Neraca)  Statement.

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Presentasi berjudul: "MATERI XI ASPEK KEUANGAN. Basic Financial Statement  Statement of Operational (Income Statement – Laporan Rugi Laba)  Balance Sheet (Neraca)  Statement."— Transcript presentasi:

1 MATERI XI ASPEK KEUANGAN

2 Basic Financial Statement  Statement of Operational (Income Statement – Laporan Rugi Laba)  Balance Sheet (Neraca)  Statement of Cash Flows

3 Income Statement Operating Revenues (The actual and or expected cash inflows resulting from activities that central to the on going operation) Expenses (The actual and or expected cash outflows resulting from the sale delivery of goods or service) Profit (loss) (The difference between revenues and expenses)

4 Wal-Mart Stores, Inc Income Statements Fiscal year ended December 31, 2006 Revenues: Net Sales ……………………………................................................... Rentals from licensed department …………..................................... Other income-net …………………………………………………….. $20,649,001 12,961 123,906 20,785,868 Cost and Expenses: Cost of sales ………………………………………............................ Operating, selling and general and administrative expenses ….... Interest Cost: Debt ………………………………………….................................... Capital leases ……………………………………………………….. 16,056,856 3,267,864 36,286 99,395 19,460401 Income before income taxes …………………................................... Provision for federal and state income taxes: Current …………………………………………………………….. Deferred ……………………………………………......................... 1,325,467 474,016 14,230 488,246 Net Income …………………………………………………………..837,221

5 Wal-Mart Stores, Inc Balance Sheets per December 31, 2006 ASSETS Current Assets: Cash and cash equivalents Receivables Recoverable costs from sale/leaseback Inventories Prepaid expenses $12,553 126,638 114,653 3,351,367 25,776 Total Current Assets3,630,987 Property, plant and equipment, at cost: Land Buildings and improvements Fixtures and equipment Transportation equipment 278,054 830,319 1,110,193 58,818 Less accumulated depreciation 2,277,384 520,318 Net property, plant and equipment Property under capital leases Less accumulated amortization 1,757,066 1,114,034 209,146 Net property under capital leases Goodwill Other assets and deferred charges 904,888 41,036 25,691 TOTAL ASSETS$6,359,668 LIABILITIES & SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY Current Liabilities: Notes payable Account payable Accrued liabilities: Salaries Taxes, other than income Accrued federal and state income taxes Long-term debt due within one year Obligations under capital leases due within one year $19,000 1,389,730 126,661 106,855 281,156 121,158 1,690 19,659 Total Current Liabilities2,065,909 Long-term debt Long-term obligations under capital leases Deferred income taxes Common shareholders’ equity: Common stock (share outstanding) Capital in excess of par value Retain earnings 184,439 1,009,046 92,365 56,559 174,277 2,777,073 Total Shareholders’ Equity3,007,909 Total liabilities & shareholders’ equity$6,359,668

6 Financial Management How a company funds itself and maximizes the return on money raised from its share holder or debt holder Business Investment Decisions What assets should the firm own? In what project should the business invest? Financing Decisions How should the investment to buy paid for? Two major functions:

7 Three Basic Decision Categories Accept or Reject a Single Investment Proposal Chose One Competing Investment over Another Capital Rationing With a limited investment pool capital rationing tells which projects among many should be chosen Major tools: Payback Period Net Present Value

8 An example Payback Period Method Calculate the amount of time it takes to recover the investments = 2 years 2 months Investment of $102,000 Proceed $ 41,000 0 123 $ 51,000 $ 60,000

9 An example Net Present Value Time Cash Flow Factor PV & NPV Tod Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 -$102,000$41,000$51,000$60,000 $50.000$22,501 $ 41,000 0 123 $ 51,000 $ 60,000 $ 37,273 $ 42,149 $ 45,079 $ 102,000 $124,501 1.00000 0.90909 0.82645 0.75131 -$102,000 37,273 42,149 45,079

10 Faktor yang Perlu Diperhatikan Dalam Penilaian Investasi  Arus Kas (Cashflow)  Nilai Waktu Uang (Time Value of Money) Metode Penilaian : - Payback Period (jangka waktu yang diperlukan untuk mendapatkan kembali modal yang diinvestasikan) - Net Present Value (Merupakan perbedaan nilai sekarang antara nilai sekarang arus kas masuk sebagai hasil dari investasi dengan arus kas keluar untuk membiayai investasi) - Internal Rate of Return

11 Cash Flow Istilah-istilah : 1.Net Inflow of Cash / Proceed (Arus Kas Masuk Bersih - AKMB); Kas yang berasal dari hasil bersih investasi 2. Net Outflow of Cash / Outlay (Arus Kas Keluar Bersih); Kas yang diperlukan untuk mendanai investasi

12 Contoh Penjualan HPP Laba Kotor Beban Usaha Laba Usaha Sebelum Penyusutan Penyusutan : Penghapusan Piutang40.000 Depresiasi60.000 Laba sebelum pajak Pajak penghasilan 10% Laba setelah pajak 1.100.000 600.000 500.000 150.000 350.000 100.000 250.000 25.000 225.000 + - - - - AKMB = 225.000 + 100.000 = 325.000

13 Contoh Penjualan HPP Laba Kotor Beban Usaha Laba Usaha Sebelum Penyusutan Penyusutan : Penghapusan Piutang 40.000 Depresiasi 60.000 100.000 Beban bunga 50.000 Jumlah beban penyusutan dan bunga Laba sebelum pajak Pajak penghasilan 10% Laba setelah pajak 1.100.000 600.000 500.000 150.000 350.000 150.000 200.000 20.000 180.000 + - - - - AKMB dan bunga = 180.000 + 100.000 + {(1-10%) 50.000} = 280.000 + 45.000 = 325.000 +

14 Time Value of Money Compound value (nilai majemuk) (Untuk menghitung nilai pada akhir periode) F = P (1+i) t dimana : F = Nilai yang akan diterima akhir periode P = Nilai awal periode i= Tingkat bunga t= Waktu Misalnya tuan A, mendepositokan uangnya Rp. 1.000 selama 4 tahun dengan tingkat bunga 6% Maka pada akhir tahun ke 4 tuan A menerima : Rp. 1000 (1 + 0,06) 4 = Rp. 1.262

15 Time Value of Money Compounding factor for one per annum (Annuity) (nilai majemuk dari anuitas) (nilai majemuk dari anuitas) (anuitas adalah deretan (series) pembayaran dengan nilai tetap selama periode tertentu) dimana : F = Nilai yang akan diterima akhir periode A = Nilai yang diterima setiap tahun i= Tingkat bunga t= Waktu F =A (1+i) t - 1 i

16 Time Value of Money Sinking Fund Factor (Faktor dan pelunasan) A =F (1+i) t - 1 i dimana : P = Nilai saat ini Capital Recovery Factor (Faktor Kembali Modal) A =P (1+i) t - 1 i (1+i) t


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