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SOAL TOEFL “ STRUCTURE “ Disusun oleh : 1. Nurul Hudha Rahmawati (P17434012068) 2. Onas Pramesty(P17434012069) 3. Rinta Astin Anggarwati(P17434012070)

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Presentasi berjudul: "SOAL TOEFL “ STRUCTURE “ Disusun oleh : 1. Nurul Hudha Rahmawati (P17434012068) 2. Onas Pramesty(P17434012069) 3. Rinta Astin Anggarwati(P17434012070)"— Transcript presentasi:

1 SOAL TOEFL “ STRUCTURE “ Disusun oleh : 1. Nurul Hudha Rahmawati (P ) 2. Onas Pramesty(P ) 3. Rinta Astin Anggarwati(P ) 4. Risma Andriyani(P )

2 1. The adder is a venomous snake.....bite may prove fatal to humans. A. Its B. Whom its C. That D. Whose alasan : karena “whose“ bisa digunakan sebagai relative clause pengganti possessive adjective “its“.

3 2. Unlike the earth, which rotates once every twenty-four hours.....once every ten hours. A. The rotation of Jupiter B. Jupiter rotates C. Jupiter rotation D. Jupiter rotate Alasan : Kedua peristiwa ini merupakan suatu fakta. Untuk menunjukkan suatu fakta dalam bahasa Inggris digunakan simple present tense. “Jupiter“ adalah kata benda tunggal sehingga kata kerjanya juga harus kata kerja tunggal.

4 3. If they want to fly during the Chistmas holidays, travelers.....their reservations well in advance. A. Had better get B. Had better to get C. Had better got D. Had better getting Alasan : “ had better “ harus diikuti oleh infinitive without to atau bare infinitive. Pilihan B salah karena “had better“ diikuti “to get“. Pilihan C dan D salah karena “had better“ tidak boleh diikuti kata kerja lampau.

5 4. In 1774 delegates from all the colonies.....attended the First Continental Congress. A. Except that Georgia B. But Georgia C. Georgia D. The exception is Georgia Alasan : pilihan B benar karena “ but “ bisa digunakan sesudah “ none “, “ nobody “, “no where “, dan “ all “, yang artinya kecuali ( except ).

6 5. Rani : How long can you stay under water? Jani : I can stay there..... I can hold my breath a. As b. For c. Since d. As long as Alasan : Pernyataan tersebut bermakna “saya bisa bertahan selama (as long as) saya bisa menahan napas saya.

7 6. You should know that not every pearl that is found..... a. Is valuable b. Value c. Valuable d. To be valued Alasan : pilihan C benar karena “ that “ clause dalam bentuk pasif dan sesudah kata kerja ( verb ) harus diikuti kata sifat ( adjective ).

8 of tissues is known as histology. a. The scientific study b. Studying scientific c. To study scientifically d. Scientists study Alasan : di sini jelas, subjek kalimat adalah “ the study “ ( dalam bentuk tunggal ) yang diterangkan oleh “ scientific “ sebagai noun modifier – nya.

9 8. When water freezes in the cracks of rocks,.....expands, causing the rocks to break apart. a. It b. But c. And d. Then Alasan : pilihan A benar karena “ water “ adalah kata benda yang tidak dapat dihitung dan menggunakan kata ganti “ it “. Pilihan B, C, dan D jelas salah karena ketiganya adalah kata penghubung.

10 9. A grass-eating, river-dwelling mammal, the hippopotamus.....to the pig. a. Relate b. Relating c. Is related d. Being related Alasan : “ hippopotamus “ sebagai subjek kalimat adalah kata benda tunggal, diikuti auxiliary “ is “dan “ related “ yang artinya “ berasal dari “ sebagai kata sifat.

11 10. Woodrow Wilson.....as a governor before he was elected President of the United States in a. Serving b. Had served c. Who has served d. To serve Alasan : kalimat pertama dalam bentuk past perfect tense ( “ had served “ ) yang dihubungkan kata “ before “ dengan kalimat berikutnya, yaitu simple past tense ( “ he was elected “ ).

12 11. How much did it cost to have your tooth..... a. Fill b. Filling c. Filled d. To fill Alasan : dalam bahasa Inggris, untuk menunjukkan atau menyatakan orang lain melakukan atau berbuat sesuatu untuk seseorang digunakan bentuk causative “ have “. Strukturnya adalah “ subject + have + complement + past participle “.

13 12. The mountaineers would rather.....thourgh the mountains than go by bus. a. To travel on train b. Traveling by train c. Travel by train d. Traveling by the train Alasan : “ would rather “ adalah suatu idiomatic expression yang artinya “ lebih suka “, selalu diikuti infinitive tanpa to atau bare infinitive.

14 13. I am sure that their flight from London to New York was delayed.....the heavy fog. a. Because b. Because of c. As a result d. As it is caused Alasan : pilihan B benar karena “ because of “ adalah preposional phrase yang diikuti oleh kata benda

15 14. The rock music made poppular by the Beatles.....over the past two decades. a. Has been modified b. Have been modified c. Has to modify d. To be modify Alasan : pilihan A benar karena subjek kalimat di atas ( “ music “ ) adalah kata benda tunggal sehingga digunakan auxiliary “ has “.

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17 THANK YOU


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