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Strategi Pencegahan Kecelakaan Safety Approach Eng Control Adm Procedure Human Control Pendekatan Pencegahan Kecelakaan Pendekatan Engineering Pendekatan.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Strategi Pencegahan Kecelakaan Safety Approach Eng Control Adm Procedure Human Control Pendekatan Pencegahan Kecelakaan Pendekatan Engineering Pendekatan."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Strategi Pencegahan Kecelakaan Safety Approach Eng Control Adm Procedure Human Control Pendekatan Pencegahan Kecelakaan Pendekatan Engineering Pendekatan Administrative dan prosedur Pendekatan Manusia Ketiga pendekatan harus dilakukan secara integratif dan seimbang Masing-masing pendekatan memiliki keterbatasan

2 Tahapan Pengendalian Bahaya Industri Pencegahan - Safe Design - Hazard Identification Pengendalian - Engineering - Human - Administratives Penangulangan - Emergency Response System - Prasarana Rehabilitasi Pra InsidenInsidenPasca Insiden Accident Prevention Program

3 Life Cycle of Process Industry Human Factors transportation Research Process Develop Process Design Operation Maintenance Modification Process Develop Inherently Safety Strategy Inherent Safety Review Method

4 Tahap I Conceptual Engineering Tahap II Basic Engineering Tahap III Detail Engineering Tahap IV EPC Tahap V Commissioning & Start-up Tahap VI Operation & Maintenance Tahap VII Demolition -PHA -Env.Impact -Review Reg -Drawing review -What if -Hazops -FTA -ETA -Management of Change - Permit System - Contractor Safety -Pra Start-up -PSM -Audit -Procedures -Audit Safety in Process Plant Design

5 Layer of Protection Community Emergency Response Plant Emergency Response Physical Protection (Dikes) Physical Protection (Relief Devices) Automatic Action (ESD) Critical Alarm,Operator Supervision Basic Control,Process Alarm Process Design

6 Layer of Protection in Process Plant 1. Process Design 2. Basic Controls, Process Alarms, and Operator Supervision 3. Critical Alarms, Operator Supervision and Manual Intervention 4. Automatic Action (ESD) 5. Physical Protection (Relief Devices) 6. Physical protection (Dikes) 7. Plant Emergency Response 8. Community Emergency Response


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