Presentasi sedang didownload. Silahkan tunggu

Presentasi sedang didownload. Silahkan tunggu

Kesehatan SMKN 7 Bandung www.yahoo.comwww.yahoo.com, www.google.com 1.

Presentasi serupa


Presentasi berjudul: "Kesehatan SMKN 7 Bandung www.yahoo.comwww.yahoo.com, www.google.com 1."— Transcript presentasi:

1

2 Kesehatan SMKN 7 Bandung 1

3 Competency is a complex construct Values andKnowledge attitudes Competency Behaviours Skills 2 Kesehatan

4 Standard of Competence: Understanding of Pharmacognocy Pharmacy at 1 st Grade

5 Kesehatan Explain of base and part of herbs contain useful materials Systematic Classification of Herbs Manufacturing simplicia of herbsIdentification simplicia and herbs Explain usefulness and useful materials of herbs 4

6 Kesehatan 5

7 Kesehatan 6

8 Kesehatan 7

9 Definition of Drug or Medicine 8

10 Kesehatan Definition of Traditional Medicine Base on Permenkes RI No. 246/Menkes/Per/V/1990, Traditional Medicine are all useful materials from herbs, animal, mineral, galenical substance by traditional method based on experiences 9

11 Galenical Substance Herbs or animal extraction produce Galenical substance Kesehatan 10

12 Range of Pharmacognocy Pharmacognocy is part of :  Biopharmacy  Biochemistry and  Chemical’s synthesis It’s become a broad range, as same as definition of pharmacognocy by Fluckiger Kesehatan 11

13 Pharmacognocy consist of following aspects:  Macroscopic and Microscopic observation  Identification, Isolation, Purification and drug or medicine’s synthesis Kesehatan 12

14 Definition of Simplicia is a natural substance useful that no processing on it besides drying/evaporation Kesehatan 13

15 Natural Substance Systematic and morphology of plants - Herbs - Animal - Mineral Systematic and Identification Natural Substance of drug - Collectionsi - Drying - Simple Preparation - Lasting - Storage Pharmacognocy Prepared Substance ( Simplicia ) Kesehatan Simplicia’s Preparation: 14

16 Nomenclature of Plant Kesehatan 15 Latin’s Name of Plan Ex: Oryza sativa Species: sativa Genus: Oryza

17 If latin name of plants come from 2 words and more (3 words), 2 from 3 words separated by mark (-). For example :  Strychnos nux - vomica  Hibiscus rosa – sinensis Homonim: 1 latin name is used for 2 different plan Kesehatan 16

18 Complete scientific name of plan:  Latin name  Abbreviation of name of botanist  For example: Name of botanist: Abbreviation: Complete name of plan: Linnaeus L Oryza sativa L Miller Mill Foeniculum vulgare Mill Houttuyn Houtt Myristica fragrans Houtt Kesehatan 17

19 Nomenclature of Simplicia Based on Indonesian Pharmacopeia those Name of Simplicia consist of genus’s name or species’s name of plant, than following by part of plant’s name Kesehatan 18

20 Part of Plant Cormus ( plant’s body) common be 3 part:  radix (root)  caulis (stem), dan  folium (leaf) Kesehatan 19

21 Other parts of plant:  gema (bud),flos (flower),  fructus (fruit), semen (seed) pulpa (flesh fruit),  tubera (tuber), rhizoma (rhizome), bulbus (onion),  Cortex (bark of stem/fruit), lignum (wood)  herba (herb/part of plant which growth top of ground) Kesehatan 20

22 The Example of Simplicia’s Name: 1.Genus + part of plant’s name: Cinchonae Cortex, Digitalis Folium, Thymi Herba, Zingiberis Rhizoma 2.Species + part of plant’s name: Belladonnae Herba, Serphylli Herba, Ipecacuanhae Radix, Stramonii Herba 3.Genus + species + part of plant’s name: Curcumae aeruginosae Rhizoma, Capsici frutescentis Fructus Kesehatan 21

23 Latin’s Spelling We have known that Alphabetical Latin and Alphabet in Indonesian language are same letter but it can be divided into writing and spelling Kesehatan 22

24 In the following table are some examples of spelling letter or word of Latin: Kesehatan Latin’s SpellingLatin’s Spelling Letter/ letters ReadExampleSpelling aeeGalangaega-la-nge Lobeliaelo-be-li-e ck jika diikuti huruf a, o, u atau huruf mati Cacaoka-ka-o Colako-la Curcumakur-ku-ma FructusFruk -tus cs jika diikuti huruf e, i, y CeraSe-ra CitriSit-tri GlycyrrhizaGli-si-ri-sa 23

25 cckk jika diikuti huruf a, o, u SuccusSuk-kus ccks jika diikuti huruf CoccinellaKok-si-ne-la e, i, y chkh jika diikuti huruf CinchonaSin-ko-na hidup chh jika diikuti huruf mati StrychniStrih-ni eaeeDioscoreaeDi-es-ko-re Kesehatan 24

26 eue + uOleumO-le-um CetaceumSe-ta-se-um fffParaffinumPa-ra-fi-num iei..+ yeIecorisIye-ko-ris iii + iAurantiiAu-ran-ti-i jyCajuputiKa-yu-pu-ti Kesehatan 25

27 lllVanillaVa-ni-la mmmGummiGu-mi IchtammolumIh-ta-mo-lum nhnIpecacuanhaeI-pe-ka-ku-ane oeeuFoeniculiFeu-ni-ku-li AsafoetidaA-sa-feu-ti-da nnnBelladonnaBe-la-do-na SennaeSe-ne Kesehatan 26

28 phfOrthosiphonOr-to-si-fon ppphippoglossihi-po-glo-si qukwquercuskwer-kus rhrrhei rhizoma re-i ri-zo-ma rrrmyrrhami-ra Kesehatan 27

29 shsyshoreasyo-re purshianapur-si-a-na sssCassiaka-si-a thtMenthamen-ta tiaesieLiquiritiaeli-kwi-ri-sie Kesehatan 28

30 Kesehatan xks jika tertera pada tengah / akhir kata Pixp iks radixra-diks cortexkor-teks bixabik-sa xs jika pada permulaan kata xanthorrhizasan-to-ri-za yi jika didahului dan / atau diikuti oleh huruf mati hydrastishi-dras-tis maydisma-i-dis yy jika diapit oleh 2 huruf hidup papayapa-pa-ya 29

31 Identification of Herbs and Simplicia Kesehatan 30 Name of Simplicia: Abri Folium Indonesian Name: Daun Saga Name of Plant: Abrus precatorius L. Familia: Papilionaceae Useful material: Glisirisin more than 15% Utility: Antisariawan Abrus precatorius L.

32 Microscopic of Abri Folium Longitudinal section of pinnate leaf: 1.Upper Epidermis 2.Palisade Tissue 3.Sponge Tissue 4.Transport Bundle 5.Under Epidermis 6.Lid hair 7.Calcium Oscillate with Prismatic Crystal Kesehatan 31 Literature: Materia Medika Indonesia

33 Microscopic of Abri Folium Powder Serbuk Daun Saga: 1.Lid hair 2.Upper Epidermis 3.Spiral Wood Artery 4.Palisade 5.Under Epidermis 6.Calcium Oscillate Kesehatan 32 Literature: Materia Medika Indonesia

34 Alyxiae Cortex Kesehatan 33 Name of Simplicia: Alyxiae Cortex Nama Indonesia : Kulit pulasari Name of Plane: Alyxia reinwardtii Bl. Familia: Apocynaceae Useful material : Kumarin, volatile oil, sour organic Utility: Antipyretic

35 Microscopic of Alyxiae Cortex Kesehatan 34 Literature: Materia Medika Indonesia Longitudinal section of liana leaf: 1.Cork Tissue 2.Felogen 3.Outside Cortex Tissue 4.Cortex Parenchyma 5.Stone Cell 6.Sap Artery 7.Phloem Tissue 8.Cyperus Microiria 9.Calcium Oscillate Crystal

36 Microscopic of Alyxiae Cortex Powder Kesehatan 35 Literature: Materia Medika Indonesia Powder of Liana Corrtex: 1.Cortex Parenchyma with Stone Cell 2.Cork Tissue 3.Calcium Oxalate with Prismatic Crystal 4.Stone Cell

37 Baeckeae Folium Name of simplicia: Baeckeae Folium Indonesian Name: Daun jungrahab Name of Plant: Baeckea frutescens L. Familia: Myrtaceae Useful Material: Volatile Oil Utility: Diuretic Kesehatan 36

38 Microscopic of Baeckeae Folium Kesehatan Literature: Materia Medika Indonesia 37

39 Microscopic of Baeckeae Folium Powder Kesehatan Literature: Materia Medika Indonesia 38

40 Boesenbergiae Rhizoma Name of simplicia: Boesenbergiae Rhizoma Indonesian Name: Rimpang temukunci Name of Plant: Boesenbergia pandurata (Roxb.) Schlecht. Familia: Zingiberaceae Useful Materials : Volatile Oil 0,06% - 0,32%, resin, starch Khasiat : Antidiarhea Kesehatan 39

41 Microscopic Boesenbergia Rhizoma Kesehatan Literature: Materia Medika Indonesia 40

42 Microscopic Boesenbergia Rhizoma Powder Kesehatan Literature: Materia Medika Indonesia 41

43 Sappan Lignum Name of Simplicia: Sappan Lignum Indonesian Name: Kayu Secang Name of Plant: Caesalpinia sappan L. Familia: Caesalpiniaceae Useful Material: Pigmen, tanin, galat sour, brasilin Utility: Antidiarhea Kesehatan 42

44 Microscopic Sappan Lignum Kesehatan Literature: Materia Medika Indonesia 43

45 Microscopic Sappan Lignum Powder Kesehatan 44 Sumber: Materia Medika Indonesia

46 Booklist Endang Diyah Ikasari, 2008, Farmasi, Departemen Pendidikan Nasional, Jakarta Sekber SMF, 2008, Farmakognosi Kelas X, Pusdiknakes, Departemen Kesehatan, Jakarta Dikdik Gunawan&Sri Mulyani, 2004, Ilmu Obat Alam (Farmakognosi), Jilid I, Penebar Swadaya, Jakarta Departemen Kesehatan, Materia Medika Indonesia, Jakarta Kesehatan 45

47 46 Kesehatan


Download ppt "Kesehatan SMKN 7 Bandung www.yahoo.comwww.yahoo.com, www.google.com 1."

Presentasi serupa


Iklan oleh Google