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Public Policy CURRICULUM VITAE Name: Dr. Sarwono, MSi Job: Kepala Pusat Penelitian Ilmu Sosial Universitas Brawijaya Malang Training: Ellicos Program,

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Presentasi berjudul: "Public Policy CURRICULUM VITAE Name: Dr. Sarwono, MSi Job: Kepala Pusat Penelitian Ilmu Sosial Universitas Brawijaya Malang Training: Ellicos Program,"— Transcript presentasi:

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2 Public Policy

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4 CURRICULUM VITAE Name: Dr. Sarwono, MSi Job: Kepala Pusat Penelitian Ilmu Sosial Universitas Brawijaya Malang Training: Ellicos Program, Flinders Uni, SA ToT Widyaswara Eselon II LAN, JKT Internship Local Government, WB-UI Intergoverment Relationships,Nuffic- UB HP/

5 Context: Meaning activities on lecturing include the preparation of student high competence to policy problem solving in generally. They should produce the new alternative are readable and structured in a presentable form. They show also be able to make informed decision about the main problem of policy Resources and Linkages:  One student group, one case  Presentation about 30’ and discourse  Power point program and compeering  IT centre and library unit  Governmental and social interest group Methodology:  Lecture may describe a content overview  Lecture may introduce created simple exercise  Student centred learning  Require student first to open and modify  Progress more difficult exercise

6 PHILOSOPHY OF PUBLIC POLICY Not perfect Post Realist Critical Wisdom Prudential measure Learning by process Paradigm Shift Focus, locus, arena, area

7 Objective: Student should be able to use the basic concepts and to utilize its features in contextual problems of policy. They should be able to show competence in using analysis for this real problem: problem situation, quick analysis, advantages, limitations and proposed to design alternative policy Sub-objective to be able to:  Use the critical system thinking as a evaluation  Utilize argumentative turn for methodology  Show alternative policy designed

8 Public policy = f (knowledge + advisory) Public policy= f (demand + support) Public policy= f (professional + welfare) Public policy= f (politics + administration) Public policy= f (valuable + improved) Public policy= f (legacy + compliance) PUBLIC POLICY FUNCTION

9 STUDI OF PUBLIC POLICY Dewey (1927) Focused for the public and its problems : How this issue and problem defined How are constructed and placed on agenda Heidenheimer et.al (1990) Study of How, why, and to what effect governments pursue particular courses of action and inaction Dye (1976) What government do, why the do it and what different it makes Nagel (1990) Study of the nature, causes and effects of public policy

10 …. concerned with problems and relationship of policy to these problems …. concerned with the content of public policies …. interested in the inputs and processes of a policy area …. concerned with what the decision-makers and policy maker to do not to do …. concerned with the consequences of policy

11 POLICY PROCESS PROBLEM IDENTIFICATION Rushefsky, 1990 AGENDA BUILDING POLICY FORMULATION BUDGETING POLICY IMPLEMENTATION POLICY EVALUATION POLICY SUCCESSIONATION

12 Adaptation of Perkin’s taxonomy SOCIAL PROBLEM LEGESLATED OBJECTIVES PROGRAM OBJECTIVES ADMINISTRATIVE STRUCTURE SOCIAL INTERVENTION PROGRAM OUTCOMES Agenda setting Policy formulation Policy implementation Policy evaluation

13 Advisori Prediksi & Preskripsi Dampak Program Policy Process (Kelley, 1997 and Meier, 1991) Advisors’ Predictions & Prescriptions Policy maker Policy choiceImplementation Policy outcome Society-centered Forces Classes Interest Group Parties & Voters State-centered Forces Technocrats Bureaucrats State interests

14 DEFINE THE PROBLEM DETERMINE EVALUATION CRITERIA IDENTIFY ALTERNATIVE POLICIES SELECT THE PREFERRED POLICY EVALUATE ALTERNATIVE POLICIES IMPLEMENT THE PREFERRED POLICY forecasting recommendation Policy action Policy alternatives BASIC POLICY ANALYSIS Patton & Sawicky

15 Professional analyst Academic atmosphere Applicative research Critical thinking Policy paper Recommendation/advocacy

16  Concerned with the signals, issue and problem  Concerned with the content  Concerned with the policy designer & implementer  Concerned with the policy consequences  Concerned with the people

17 ANALYSIS FAILURE STANDING POSITION ANALYST ASSUMPTIONS INSTRUMENTAL NOT REPRESENTATIVE

18 POLICY FAILURE

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21 Public = as object

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23 Public = subject

24 . Multi-layers Evaluation Sarwono, 2005 Program- evaluation Agreement Multi- stakeholders meeting Opini Agregation & Compilation of data Polling Cluster/ Beneficieris Blitar city

25 MAIN FRAMES OF ANALYSIS Dryzek, 1987 Welfare economics Public Choice Social structure Information processing Political philosophy Parsons, 1997 Political process Comparative politics Management

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27 Setiap sistem sosial memiliki logika kehidupan sendiri Awalnya sistem politik-negara dibentuk atas logika sistem sosial Perubahan sistem politik-negara ke arah yang lebih modern dapat menimbulkan hilangnya logika sistem sosial Logika sistem sosial berganti menjadi logika sistem ekonomi kapitalism Dalam pada kondisi ini maka masyarakat-individu akan kehilangan energi kekuasaan sebagai pemilik negara Jika demikian maka sistem politik-negara tidak lagi lekat dengan logika sosial masyarakat Institusi politik-administrasi juga akan kehilangan fungsi utamanya sebagai pengemban kehidupan sosial masyarakat Maka terjadi akumulasi ketidak puasan masyarakat akan cenderung menimbulkan krisis

28 Household Categories Sarwono, 2005 KatagoriPola I‘No children’, early marriage stage (rumah tangga baru, tanpa anak) II‘Child-bearing’, young households with children who are all 10 years of age or younger (rumah tangga muda, memiliki anak usia 10 tahun atau lebih muda). III‘Child-rearing’, middle age households having children younger than 5 years and children 10 years of age and older (rumah tangga dewasa, mempunyai anak antara usia termuda 5 tahun dan tertua 10 tahun atau lebih). IV‘Child-leaving’, old households that comprise children all above the age of 5 and one or more children who have lelf the household (rumah tangga tua, mempunyai anak usia diatas 5 tahun dan salah satu anak telah meninggalkan rumah). V‘No-children’, mature households with no dependent children (rumah tangga matang, tanpa ketergantungan anak) VINon-Categori Chayanov – ChayanovPlus

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30 Diversity of Interests Interdependence of Interests Reciprocity Relationships Learning Creativity Authentic Dialogue Shared Identities Shared meanings New Heuristics Innovation Characteristics of Participants Results of Authentic Dialogue Adaptations Of the System COLLABORATIVE

31 Action Strategies Governing Values Consequences Double-Loop LearningSingle-Loop Learning

32 10/18/2015 SARWONO 31 ASSUMPTION ACTIONOUTCOMES TRIPLE LOOPS ANALYSIS CONTEXT

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