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Demokrasi catatan kuliah isu global kontemporer. demokrasi ciri? kelebihan? kekurangan? kapan perlu? kapan tidak perlu?

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Presentasi berjudul: "Demokrasi catatan kuliah isu global kontemporer. demokrasi ciri? kelebihan? kekurangan? kapan perlu? kapan tidak perlu?"— Transcript presentasi:

1 demokrasi catatan kuliah isu global kontemporer

2 demokrasi ciri? kelebihan? kekurangan? kapan perlu? kapan tidak perlu?

3 ciri demokrasi

4 kelebihan demokrasi

5 kekurangan demokrasi

6 mengapa perlu demokrasi

7 kapan tidak perlu demokrasi

8 demokrasi? dari, oleh, untuk rakyat siapa rakyat? – semua orang – sebagian besar orang (yang menjadi bagian kelompok mayoritas) – sebagian orang (yang memiliki akses) – sebagian kecil orang (di dalam atau dekat dengan lingkaran kekuasaan)

9 demokrasi a la David Held “a form of government in which, in contradistinction to monarchies and aristocracies, the people rule … (and it) entails a state in which there is some form of political equality among the people”

10 demokrasi a la David Held aid to decision-making process : means to legitimate the decisions of those voted into power popular power : a form of life in which citizens are engaged in self- government and self- regulation

11 demokrasi a la Iris Marion Young aggregative model : a competitive power- oriented process, fosters exclusion, results in weaker legitimacy deliberative model : a collective problem solving process, fosters inclusion, results in higher legitimacy

12 demokrasi a la Held, Dahl, Linz, Stephan, Huntington, procedural : focuses on whether or not ‘democratic mechanisms’ exist substantive : focuses on whether or not ‘democratic values’ are exercised and met

13 demokrasi a la Arend Lijphart majoritarian model : majority of the people consensus model : as many people as possible

14 demokrasi a la Giovanni Sartori absolute majority : a system of simple and pure majority rule limited majority : a system of majority rule limited by minority rights

15 demokrasi/demokratisasi mendorong kekerasan? mendorong perdamaian?

16 demokratisasi & kekerasan Jack Snyder: –predemocratic popular rivalries –elite persuasion Lee, Lindstrom, Moore, Turan: –ties government’s hands, creates more space for popular uprising –ready for mobilisation Przeworski: –weakness of the centre

17 demokratisasi & perdamaian kebebasan, hak dasar, peaceful coexistence menghindari penumpukan kekuasaan memperluas arena power struggle antarkelompok pengaturan mekanistis

18 serba-serbi demokrasi 550 konsep philosopher king dari, oleh, untuk rakyat trias politica check and balance partisipasi publik akuntabilitas, transparansi

19 serba-serbi demokrasi jatuhnya diktator - extrication waves (and reverses): , , 1970-? consolidation: 2 turn over-test tyranny of majority hukum besi oligarki trust civil liberty - culture of peace


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