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CREATIVE THINKING Between “Critical Thinking” and “Creative Thinking”

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Presentasi berjudul: "CREATIVE THINKING Between “Critical Thinking” and “Creative Thinking”"— Transcript presentasi:

1 CREATIVE THINKING Between “Critical Thinking” and “Creative Thinking”

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3 Thinking out of the box

4 EXERCISE

5 GUNAKAN JALUR KANAN UNTUK MENDAHULUI

6 Penerbangan Gila!

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8 CRITICAL THINKING Reasoning Formal / Informal Soliditas Problem Solving Baik / Buruk Definisi Solusi Strategis Strategi Kreatif Decision Making Ketidakpastian Probabilitas Heuristik

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11 OTAK KIRI DAN KANAN OTAK KIRI / LEFTOTAK KANAN / RIGHT Analitis, kalkulasi, perincianIntuitif, kreatif, ekstensif Linear dan konvergenLateral dan Divergen KonvensionalKontroversial Normal ( waras)Abnormal (gila) To bad can be good Andy Groove “Only paranoid can survive.” No Dare to FailDare to fail! GoodGreat SatisfyKaizen (continuous improvement)

12 Left Brain & Right Brain Human Information Processing -- HIPS IDEAS SPATIAL OPEN-ENDED RELATIONSHIPS SUMMARY INTUITIVE VERBAL FACTS LOGICAL STRUCTURED SEQUENCE OUTLINE

13 OTAK KIRIOTAK KANAN 1.INTELEKTUAL 2.LOGIS 3.KATA 4.DEDUKTIF 5.TETAP 6.STATIS 7.HAPALAN 8.FAKTA 9.SEMPIT 10.DANGKAL 11.PASIF 12.JAWABAN 13.REAKTIF 14.SERIUS 15.BIMBINGAN 16.KETAKUTAN 1.EMOSIONAL 2.INTUITIF 3.GAMBAR 4.INDUKTIF 5.SEMENTARA 6.DINAMIS 7.PEMAHAMAN 8.GAGASAN 9.LUAS 10.DALAM 11.AKTIF 12.PERTANYAAN 13.AKTIF 14.PENASARAN 15.INISATIF 16.KEPERCAYAAN PERBEDAAN ANTARA OTAK KIRI DAN OTAK KANAN OTAK KIRIOTAK KANAN 1.PEKERJAAN 2.JANGKA PENDEK 3.KAKU 4.PERATURAN 5.TESIS 6.TERTUTUP 7.STABILITAS 8.AKAL SEHAT 9.RAMALAN 10.KAKU 11.TAKTIK 12.BENTUK 13.DOGMA 14.MANAGER 1.KEHIDUPAN 2.JANGKA PANJANG 3.FLEKSIBEL 4.RISIKO 5.SINTESIS 6.TERBUKA 7.PERUBAHAN 8.IMAJINASI 9.EKSPLORASI 10.SPONTAN 11.STRATEGI 12.ISI 13.PENEMUAN 14.LEADER

14 What is creative thinking or creative problem solving?

15 The creative person uses information to form new ideas. The real key to creative problem solving is what you do with the knowledge. Creative problem solving requires an attitude that allows you to search for new ideas and use your knowledge and experience. Change perspective and use knowledge to make the ordinary extraordinary and the usual commonplace.

16 DEFINITION Creative problem solving is -

17 DEFINITION “Creative problem solving is - looking at the same thing as everyone else and thinking something different.” Adapted from a famous quote from a former Nobel prize winner, Albert Szent-Gyorgi.

18 LET’S TALK ABOUT: Why don’t we think creatively more often? What are the barriers that get in our way?

19 GUILFORD JP (March 7, 1897 – November 26, 1987 Membuat studi psikometrik tentang intelektualitas dan kreativitas Ia menekankan pemikiran DIVERGEN: 1)fluency (the ability to produce great number of ideas or problem solutions in a short period of time); 2)flexibility (the ability to simultaneously propose a variety of approaches to a specific problem); 3)originality (the ability to produce new, original ideas); 4)elaboration (the ability to systematize and organize the details of an idea in a head and carry it out).

20 “ Untuk menghadapi dunia dewasa ini, kita lebih membutuhkan seorang yang kreatif daripada seorang pintar” (Guilford)

21 PENSAMIENTO LINEAL KONVERGEN PEMIKIRAN LATERAL DIVERGEN

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23 PEMIKIRAN LINEALPEMIKIRAN LATERAL Bergerak bila ada satu petunjuk / arah Bergerak untuk menciptakan banyak arah Bertolak dari sekuens (urutan) ide-ide Bisa ada lompatan Setiap langkah harus benar dan tepat Tidak secara tepat Menggunakan negasi untuk memblokade hal lain Tidak menolak jalan apa pun

24 PEMIKIRAN LINEALPEMIKIRAN LATERAL Yang tidak ada kaitannya dengan tema dibuang Diperhatikan semua termasuk hal yang tidak berkaitan dengan tema Kategori, klaisifikasi, etiket adalah wajib Tidak demikian Mengikuti jalan yang jelasMengikuti jalan yang kurang jelas Sebuah proses yang berakhirProses tanpa akhir

25 Ciri orang Kreatif Rasa ingin tahu Mengambil risiko. Kompleksitas atau suka akan kesulitan. Imajinasi: penggunaan semua indra untuk menghasilkan ide, gambaran, penyelesaian yang tidak biasa soluciones

26 Sumber Kreativitas Ketidaktahuan Pengalaman Motivasi Penilaian yang tepat Style (cara) Kecelakaan, kesalahan, kegilaan. Pembebasan

27 Kreativitas membutuhkan Kelancaran menghasilkan ide Originalitas: ide baru dan berbeda Fleksibel: Bisa dikombinasi bila tidak berfungsi Elaborasi: mengorganisir, mengelaborasi, dan memperkaya

28 CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS STEP 1. State what appears to be the problem. The real problem may not surface until facts have been gathered and analyzed. Therefore, start with what you assume to be the problem, that can later be confirmed or corrected.

29 CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS STEP 2. Gather facts, feelings and opinions. What happened? Where, when and how did it occur? What is it’s size, scope, and severity? Who and what is affected? Likely to happen again? Need to be corrected? May need to assign priorities to critical elements.

30 CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS STEP 3. Restate the problem. The real facts help make this possible, and provide supporting data. The actual problem may, or may not be the same as stated in Step 1.

31 CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS STEP 4. Identify alternative solutions. Generate ideas. Do not eliminate any possible solutions until several have been discussed.

32 CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS STEP 5. Evaluate alternatives. Which will provide the optimum solution? What are the risks? Are costs in keeping with the benefits? Will the solution create new problems?

33 CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS STEP 6. Implement the decision! Who must be involved? To what extent? How, when and where? Who will the decision impact? What might go wrong? How will the results be reported and verified?

34 CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS STEP 7. Evaluate the results. Test the solution against the desired results. Make revisions if necessary.

35 10 Questions To Encourage Ideas 1.What if…? 2.How can we improve…? 3.How will the Optimist Member and/or the community benefit? 4.Are we forgetting anything? 5.What’s the next step?

36 10 Questions To Encourage Ideas 1.What can we do better…? 2.What do you think about…? 3.What should we add? 4.What should we eliminate? 5.What other ideas do you have...?

37 BARRIERS THAT GET IN OUR WAY Time Why change? Usually don’t need to be creative Habit Routine Haven’t been taught to be creative What are some other barriers that get in our way?


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