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MANAJEMEN KOTA JOHANNES PARLINDUNGAN, ST., MT. Blog : JURUSAN PERENCANAAN.

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Presentasi berjudul: "MANAJEMEN KOTA JOHANNES PARLINDUNGAN, ST., MT. Blog : JURUSAN PERENCANAAN."— Transcript presentasi:

1 MANAJEMEN KOTA JOHANNES PARLINDUNGAN, ST., MT. Blog : JURUSAN PERENCANAAN WILAYAH dan KOTA FAKULTAS TEKNIK UNIVERSITAS BRAWIJAYA EFISIENSI PEMBIAYAAN INFRASTRUKTUR

2 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP PRINSIP PENGELOLAAN KEUANGAN DAERAH 2

3 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP 3 McCullough dan Hicks, 1984

4 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP EFISIENSI ANGGARAN 4 EFISIENSI PADA SEKTOR HASIL DIJELASKAN DENGAN KONSEP MASUKAN – KELUARAN (INPUT-OUTPUT) BIAYA SEMINIMAL MUNGKIN UNTUK MEMBERI PELAYANAN YANG MAKSIMAL ASPEK HUBUNGAN DAN TATA KERJA ANTAR INSTANSI PEMERINTAH DENGAN MEMANFAATKAN POTENSI DAN KEANEKARAGAMAN SUATU DAERAH

5 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP FAKTOR PENENTU EFISIENSI 5

6 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP KONSEP EFISIENSI DAN EFEKTIVITAS ANGGARAN 6 INPUT OUTPUT OUTCOME ALLOCATIVE EFFICIENCY TECHNICAL EFFICIENCY EFFECTIVENESS ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS e.g. Regulatory- competitive framework, socio-economic background, climate, economic development, functioning of the public administration ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS e.g. Regulatory- competitive framework, socio-economic background, climate, economic development, functioning of the public administration MONETARY & NON-MONETARY RESOURCES MONETARY & NON-MONETARY RESOURCES MANDL, et al PROBLEMS : Public Spending has multiple objectives. Public Sector Outputs are not often sold on market (price data is not available, output can’t be quantified). PROBLEMS : Public Spending has multiple objectives. Public Sector Outputs are not often sold on market (price data is not available, output can’t be quantified).

7 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP KONSEP … 7 MANDL, et al. 2008

8 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP CASE : EFISIENSI ANGGARAN KAB. JEMBRANA - BALI 8 PRASOJO, et al KAB. JEMBRANA : KEMAMPUAN KEUANGAN RELATIF RENDAH DGN SUMBER PENGHASILAN UTAMA DARI PAJAK KAB. JEMBRANA : KEMAMPUAN KEUANGAN RELATIF RENDAH DGN SUMBER PENGHASILAN UTAMA DARI PAJAK TETAPI MAMPU LAKSANAKAN PROGRAM-PROGRAM INOVATIF PENDIDIKAN BEBAS BIAYA PERBAIKAN SARANA KUALITAS GURU SEKOLAH KAJIAN KESEHATAN JAMINAN KESEHATAN PEREKONOMIAN DANA BERGULIR PEMBERIAN ALAT KERJA MAGANG & BURSA TENAGA KERJA DANA TALANGAN BEBAS PBB

9 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP CASE … 9

10 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP WATER DISTRIBUTION & ENERGY 10

11 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP 11

12 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP 12

13 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP 13 EFISIENSI ANGGARAN PEMERINTAH YANG DITAWARKAN OLEH PERUSAHAAN PENYEDIA LAYANAN LISTRIK (ENERGY SERVICE COOPERATION/ESCO)

14 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP EVALUATING THE COST EFFECTIVENESS 14

15 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP NEED EFFICIENCY MEASURES 15 EFFICIENCY MEASURES WATER DISTRIBUTION MEASURES FOR CUSTOMERS

16 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP 16

17 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP 1. WATER DISTRIBUTION 17 Aggressively reducing losses of water, Installing water meters Setting upwater pricing systems that encourage water efficiency Aggressively reducing losses of water, Installing water meters Setting upwater pricing systems that encourage water efficiency

18 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP 2. MEASURES FOR CUSTOMERS 18

19 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP Example of the matrix for initial screening of water-use efficiency measures 19

20 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP EVALUATING … 20 ESCAP, 2003

21 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP 21 REDUCED WATER PRODUCTION WILL SAVE COST : Reduced water purchases from wholesale water agencies; Reduced energy from pumping (production, treatment, and distribution); Lower chemical use; Reduced or deferred costs of water treatment plant capital expansion; Reduced water storage costs; Reduced wastewater processing costs. REDUCED WATER PRODUCTION WILL SAVE COST : Reduced water purchases from wholesale water agencies; Reduced energy from pumping (production, treatment, and distribution); Lower chemical use; Reduced or deferred costs of water treatment plant capital expansion; Reduced water storage costs; Reduced wastewater processing costs. ESCAP, 2003

22 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP UTILITY BENEFIT 22 SHORT TERM SAVING : RESULT IMMEDIATELY FROM FROM EFFICIENCY ACTIVITIES (include : reduced cost of treatment chemicals, energy input, and labour and materials required to handle reduced water production) SHORT TERM SAVING : RESULT IMMEDIATELY FROM FROM EFFICIENCY ACTIVITIES (include : reduced cost of treatment chemicals, energy input, and labour and materials required to handle reduced water production) LONG TERM SAVING : ASSOCIATED WITH CAPITAL FACILITIES (cth: penangguhan pembangunan fasilitas pengolahan air limbah karena reduksi pemanfaatan air bersih) LONG TERM SAVING : ASSOCIATED WITH CAPITAL FACILITIES (cth: penangguhan pembangunan fasilitas pengolahan air limbah karena reduksi pemanfaatan air bersih) ESCAP, 2003

23 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP 23 Delaying and/or downsizing a capital facility due to water demand reduction from efficiency measures ESCAP, 2003

24 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP UTILITY COST 24 IMPLEMENTATION COST (ex: staff time, hardware costs, public and school education materials, and the cost of any monetary incentives that may be offered) IMPLEMENTATION COST (ex: staff time, hardware costs, public and school education materials, and the cost of any monetary incentives that may be offered) THE COST TO THE WATER SUPPLY UTILITY FROM REDUCED REVENUE RESULTING FROM DECREASED DEMAND (viewed by planners as being exactly the same as if capital outlay was required to build new water supply projects) THE COST TO THE WATER SUPPLY UTILITY FROM REDUCED REVENUE RESULTING FROM DECREASED DEMAND (viewed by planners as being exactly the same as if capital outlay was required to build new water supply projects) ESCAP, 2003

25 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP ENERGY EFFICIENCY LOAN FINANCING SCHEME AND PARTIAL GUARENTEE SCHEME 2. USE OF ENERGY SERVICE COMPANIES (ESCOs) 3. UTILITY DEMAND-SIDE MANAGEMENT (DSM) PROGRAMS TAYLOR, et al. 2008

26 MANAJEMEN KOTA - JP DAFTAR PUSTAKA 26 MANDL, et al THE EFECTIVENESS AND EFFICIENCY of PUBLIC SPENDING. PRASOJO, et al EFISIENSI ANGGARAN SEBAGAI FAKTOR KUNCI KEBERHASILAN DALAM PELAKSANAAN PROGRAM INOVASI DI KABUPATEN JEMBRANA ESCAP GUIDE TO PREPARING URBAN WATER – USE EFFICIENCY PLANS. UNITED NATIONS PUBLICATION TAYLOR, et al FINANCING ENERGY EFFICIENCY. ESCAP PUBLICATION


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