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ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR Pengantar Jeanette murad lesmana.

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Presentasi berjudul: "ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR Pengantar Jeanette murad lesmana."— Transcript presentasi:

1 ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR Pengantar Jeanette murad lesmana

2 Pengantar  Sepanjang sejarah umat manusia t.l. terganggu sudah ada  Saul raja Israel, abad 11 BC  manic depressive  Cambyses raja Persia  alkoholik  Hercules  convulsive seizures  Socrates, Alexander the Great  gangguan jiwa  Jean Jacque Rousseau  paranoid  Mozart  merasa diracuni  Van Gogh  epilepsi  Burns, Byron  alkoholik  Tokoh-tokoh cerita Shakespeare: Lady Macbeth  obsessive compulsive King Lear  paranoia Ophelia  depressive/melancholy Othello  obsesi, paranoid jealousy  “The beautiful mind”  pemenang Nobel yang schizophrenic

3 Some popular misconceptions: The belief that:  Abnormal behavior is always bizzarre: tidak selalu, disebut abnormal karena self defeating dan maladaptif  “normal” and “abnormal” behavior are different in kind - sharp dividing line does not exist - normal distribution - normal and abnormal behavior  attempt to cope with life problems as the individual perceives them

4 Some popular…..  Former mental patients as unstable or dangerous (  mental disorders = incurable) –Lebih banyak yang merupakan ancaman bagi dirinya sendiri, daripada untuk orang lain  Mental disorder is something to be ashamed of - baik penyakit fisik ataupun mental harus dilihat sebagai kegagalan adaptasi (adaptive failures) kegagalan adaptasi (adaptive failures)  Mental disorder is something magical or awe- inspiring - sering dianggap mempunyai supernatural powers  An exagerated fear of one’s own susceptibility to mental disorders - fears of possible mental disorder are quite common and cause much needless unhappiness cause much needless unhappiness - most people feel anxious and discouraged during difficult periods in their life periods in their life

5 Apa yang disebut abnormal?  Abnormal Psychology: that part of the field of psychology concerned with the understanding, treatment and prevention of abnormal behavior  Sekarang merupakan bagian dari clinical psychology: the professional field broadly concerned with the study, assessment, treatment and prevention of abnormal behavior  Psychiatry is the corresponding field in medicine

6  Social work which evolved as a result of volunteer charities, is concerned with the analysis of social environment and with providing services which assist the adjustment of the patient both in family and community settings  Psychopathology is another term used to refer to the study of abnormal behavior  Professionals must work out definitions of “normal” and “abnormal”, and develop criteria for distinguishing one from the other in real life.  UNFORTUNATELY THIS IS NOT ALWAYS EASY.


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