1 ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR Pengantar Jeanette murad lesmana
2 Pengantar Sepanjang sejarah umat manusia t.l. terganggu sudah ada Saul raja Israel, abad 11 BC manic depressiveCambyses raja Persia alkoholikHercules convulsive seizuresSocrates, Alexander the Great gangguan jiwaJean Jacque Rousseau paranoidMozart merasa diracuniVan Gogh epilepsiBurns, Byron alkoholikTokoh-tokoh cerita Shakespeare:Lady Macbeth obsessive compulsiveKing Lear paranoiaOphelia depressive/melancholyOthello obsesi, paranoid jealousy“The beautiful mind” pemenang Nobel yang schizophrenic
3 Some popular misconceptions: The belief that:Abnormal behavior is always bizzarre:tidak selalu, disebut abnormal karena self defeating dan maladaptif“normal” and “abnormal” behavior are different in kind- sharp dividing line does not exist- normal distribution- normal and abnormal behavior attempt to cope with life problems as the individual perceives them
4 Some popular…..Former mental patients as unstable or dangerous ( mental disorders = incurable)Lebih banyak yang merupakan ancaman bagi dirinya sendiri, daripada untuk orang lainMental disorder is something to be ashamed of- baik penyakit fisik ataupun mental harus dilihat sebagaikegagalan adaptasi (adaptive failures)Mental disorder is something magical or awe-inspiring- sering dianggap mempunyai supernatural powersAn exagerated fear of one’s own susceptibility to mental disorders- fears of possible mental disorder are quite common andcause much needless unhappiness- most people feel anxious and discouraged during difficultperiods in their life
5 Apa yang disebut abnormal? Abnormal Psychology: that part of the field of psychology concerned with the understanding, treatment and prevention of abnormal behaviorSekarang merupakan bagian dari clinical psychology: the professional field broadly concerned with the study, assessment, treatment and prevention of abnormal behaviorPsychiatry is the corresponding field in medicine
6 Social work which evolved as a result of volunteer charities, is concerned with the analysis of social environment and with providing services which assist the adjustment of the patient both in family and community settingsPsychopathology is another term used to refer to the study of abnormal behaviorProfessionals must work out definitions of “normal” and “abnormal”, and develop criteria for distinguishing one from the other in real life.UNFORTUNATELY THIS IS NOT ALWAYS EASY.