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Modul 9 Fixed Mobile Convergence (FMC) Mata Kuliah Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap 2009 - 2010 1Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap 2009-2010.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Modul 9 Fixed Mobile Convergence (FMC) Mata Kuliah Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap 2009 - 2010 1Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap 2009-2010."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Modul 9 Fixed Mobile Convergence (FMC) Mata Kuliah Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap

2 Definisi Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap  ITU-T Rec Q.1762/Y.2802 (Fixed-mobile Convergence General Requirements) –In a given network configuration, the capabilities that provide same services and application to the end user regardless of the fixed or mobile access technologies being used and independent of the user’s location. –In the NGN environment, it means to provide NGN services to end users regardless of the fixed or mobile access technologies being used.  FMC secara umum adalah konvergensi antara fixed dan mobile network yang memungkinkan user mengakses tiga layanan utama, yaitu: –layanan voice yang menjadi andalan fixed network, –mobility dan kekayaan layanan yang dimiliki mobile network, serta –internet-based application (transfer informasi dan transaksi)  Konvergensi ini akan berujung kepada layanan multimedia, dengan dukungan bandwidth yang memadai dan mobilitas tinggi.

3 Lifestyle dan Konvergensi Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap

4 Mengapa FMC ? Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap  In Fixed Operator (with no Mobile assets) perspective, –FMC could reverse the loss of voice-service minutes and revenue to mobile providers (MNVOs), reduce CAPEX and OPEX (harmonized network), offer new value-added services, reduce churn rate, attract new customers, and as market “Brand”  In Fixed Operator (with Mobile assets) perspective, –FMC could reduce CAPEX and OPEX (harmonized network) and offer new value-added services / increase revenue  In Mobile Operator perspective, –FMC could reduce CAPEX and OPEX (harmonised network), offer new value- added services and improve coverage (indoor /outdoor – WiFi)

5 Model FMC di Telco Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap  Service Bundling/Commercial Convergence –fixed & mobile services are bundled together with a single bill –operator dapat memberikan bundling harga bagi pelanggan produk fixed dan mobile melalui pengembangan aplikasi billing yang memadukan billing fixed dan mobile ke dalam satu paket, sementara layanan dan jaringannya sendiri masih terpisah.  Device Convergence –Dengan satu terminal pelanggan dapat melakukan panggilan baik melalui jaringan fixed maupun mobile –Contoh: UMA / GAN, Femtocell  Network Convergence –Jaringan operator telah convergence dengan menggunakan all-IP network. –Menggunakan IMS sebagai node untuk mengontrol baik fixed maupun mobile network

6 Karakteristik Teknis FMC Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap  Seamless service operation: FMC harus menjamin bahwa user dapat mengakses layanan FMC dari semua jaringan, baik fixed maupun mobile network.  Seamless services provisioning: FMC harus menjamin bahwa operator dapat menyediakan layanan FMC di semua jaringan, baik fixed maupun mobile network.  Support to mobility: user mobility dan session mobility.  Ubiquity of service availability: user dapat menikmati semua layanan/aplikasi (any service) dari manapun (any location) dengan menggunakan terminal apapun (any device). Referensi: ITU-T Rec. Q.1762/Y.2802, Sep 2007 – Prepublished Version ITU-T Rec. Q.1763/Y.2803, Oct 2007 – Prepublished version Working Draft of Q.FMC-IMS, Jan 2008

7 Steps to FMC and Its Related Organizations & Standards Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap

8 CTP and UMA Cordless Telephony Profile (CTP) and Unlicensed Mobile Access ( UMA) are, very loosely, two alternative short-range wireless standards that enable fixed-mobile convergence (FMC) solutions. Most players in the FMC space see UMA as the longer-term technology than CTP. However, CTP is being deployed by some manufacturers, and some operators, as an interim solution, because CTP equipment can be attached to existing networks without any changes. Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap

9 CTP (Cordless Telephony Profile) CTP is a profile defined within the Bluetooth specification, by the Bluetooth Special Interest Group, which allows a Bluetooth-enabled mobile phone to be used as a cordless telephone when it is within range of a Bluetooth CTP access point. CTP is thus a way of adding limited mobility - cordlessness - to the fixed network. CTP acts as an application on the device - which is sometimes a mobile phone and sometimes a hands-free / wireless headset. The simplest implementations simply use Bluetooth as a local air interface comparable to DECT. Here, the access point plugs directly into an analogue telephone line. Bluetooth Class 1 chips that allow communications over ranges 'up to' 100m are beginning to become available and to be included in mobile devices. This is still not as good as DECT range, but CTP has the advantage of being present in mobile devices and having access to their address books and presentation capabilities. Mobile and fixed access are only loosely converged in CTP. The mobile device retains its GSM number, whereas the CTP access point uses the number associated with the fixed line to which it is attached. Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap Source: Ovum, FMC: explaining CTP and UMA, 8 December 2004

10 UMA (Unlicensed Mobile Access) In its earliest implementation, UMA is also a way of using Bluetooth to provide limited mobility, using a cordless link and an access point connected to the fixed network. Although it is superficially similar, UMA is actually very different from CTP. For a start, while CTP is limited to the Bluetooth air interface technology, UMA is an 'air interface agnostic' specification, which can be used in conjunction with Bluetooth, WiFi or even as yet undefined access technologies. The specification has been developed by a group of manufacturers Same mobile number can be accessed via the existing BTS or Wi-Fi The UMA solution has become a 3GPP standard named GAN (Generic Access Network) Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap Sources: 1. Ovum, FMC: explaining CTP and UMA, 8 December IDC White Paper, Fixed-mobile Convergence: Unifying The Communications Experience, November

11 UMA Solution Components Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap Source:

12 UMA (Unlicensed Universal Mobile Access) Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap The use of this UMA architecture applies also to the licensed band. In recognition of this, UMA is starting to be redefined as “universal” mobile access. Source: The Case for Home Base Stations Technical White Paper April 2007 V1.1, picoChip Designs Ltd

13 Indoor Base Stations Terminals: –UMA terminals use dual mode (GSM/CDMA & WiFi) handset –Femtocell terminal use standard mobile (GSM/CDMA) handset The Femtocell Forum launched on Monday July with seven founder members (incl.Ubiquisys, ip.access, Radioframe, PicoChip, Netgear) and another 60 companies including the top five global mobile phone operators Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap Sources: 1. +femtocell+firms.htm M. Heath & A. Brydon, “The Impact of Picocell & Femtocell”, Analysys Webinar

14 Solusi Femtocell Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap Merupakan suatu Base Station selular yang didesain untuk digunakan di dalam rumah atau suatu kawasan small business Menggunakan jaringan broadband (DSL) untuk menghubungkan dirinya dengan jaringan operator seluler. Umumnya dapat melayani 2 – 5 pengguna dalam kawasan rumah tersebut Femtocell memungkinkan operator seluler untuk memperpanjang cakupannya ke dalam rumah, khususnya di mana akses jaringannya terbatas, tanpa harus membangun menara BTS yang mahal. Femtocell juga mengefisienkan biaya backhaul karena menggunakan jaringan IP untuk menyalurkan trafiknya. Sering disebut “home base station”, “access point base station”, “3G access point”, “small cellular base station” dan “personal 2G-3G base station

15 IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) IP Multimedia Subsystem (IMS) is a SIP based standardized architecture for offering multimedia services on the packet domain Originally defined by mobile (3GPP/3GPP2) standards –IMS is defined by 3GPP from Release 5 onwards (2002) *) –3GPP2 equivalent of IMS is the MMD (Multi Media Domain), fully interoperable with 3GPP IMS *) Essentially access independent / access agnostic (service transparency) –Supports broad, mobile packet data Interoperability of new converged services between subscribers Interworking with PSTN and legacy service Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap *) Source: Adrian Scrase (ETSI), ETSI Technical and Economic Drivers for Convergence, ITU-T Workshop on “Mobile Telecommunications and Fixed/Mobile Convergence – the realities going forward “ Sept 2005

16 IMS based FMC architecture Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap Source: Proposed output document for Q.FMC-IMS, ITU-T SG 19, January 2008

17 Konvergensi di Tingkat Infrastruktur Jaringan Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap Referensi: Working Draft of Q.FMC-IMS, Jan 2008 Device Access Network Core Transport Network Session Control Application Service Terbagi atas Konvergensi di tingkat:

18 IMS Adoption Phases Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap Source: Ovum, IMS: the hype and the reality, 27 January 2005

19 Converged Network Scenarios UMA/GAN: –Offers a pragmatic solution for mobile operators with an embedded CS network to extend their coverage using WLAN. –However, it does not provide an evolution path to an all-IP NGN, since it keeps voice calls in the CS domain. IMS-based: –Circuit Switched and IMS services (CSI): Allows IMS services to be extended to a terminal on a GAN access. This is a rather circuitous way to provide IMS services to a fixed access compared to the fixed network architecture. The latter is therefore recommended by Q.FMC-IMS as an evolution path for the fixed access part of a WLAN/2G fixed mobile convergence solution, in combination with the VCC architecture described below. –Voice Call Continuity (VCC): Seamless service over fixed and mobile network with one phone number An alternative – centric - approach to provide service continuity for voice calls when a multi-mode WLAN- SIP/2G-3G-CS terminal changes its point of attachment. VCC provides the capability to transfer the path of a voice call between a CS and a PS-IMS domain. It assumes that the UE is capable of supporting two separate call legs related to the same voice communications (one over the CS domain and theother via the IMS). The approach for the first set of VCC specifications (part of 3GPP release 7) is static anchoring of all voice calls in the IMS of the user’s home network. Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap Sources: 1. ITU Draft New Recommendation Q. FMC IMS: Fixed Mobile Convergence with a common IMS session control domain, July Dirk Wolter (Alcatel-Lucent), “Technology and Deployment of FMC”, AWF-4 input presentation, doc. AWF-4/INP-39

20 UMA, VCC and Femto Comparison Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap

21 Penjelasan & contoh Service Bundling Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap Source: McKinsey One number, one voic and one bill – but still two phones! TeleDanmark’s “Duet” was the first successful FMC service in 1997

22 British Telecom FMC Solution: BT Fusion Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap BT bekerjasama dengan Vodafone (BT as MVNO) Tagline: ‘Turn one minute into four minutes' if you make the call over wi-fi at home or in the office Target Pasar: Pelanggan BB (ADSL) BT Menggunakan Teknologi UMA/VCC: Voice Call Continuity Bekerjasama dengan Nokia, Samsung & Motorola untuk handset Tariff: between £19 ($38) and £35 ($69) per month Convergent Handset Cell site VoIP Gateway PSTN Cellular (GSM) Bluetooth or WiFi Broadband Link PSTN Link NTE ADSL NTE OR BluePhone Access Point UMA technology:  Access Point in the home acts as a cell site and connects to GSM network via broadband line  Calls and data sessions are placed and received exactly as they are today on GSM networks  Supports any wireless bearer e.g. Bluetooth, Wi-Fi  Enables in-call handover between Access Points and GSM cells

23 Terima kasih 23Sistem Telekomunikasi Semester Genap

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