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“Good thinking”: apa dan bagaimana? Oleh Arlinah I.R. Lokakarya PBL Jurusan Teknik Arsitektur Universitas Kristen Petra Hotel Majapahit.

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Presentasi berjudul: "“Good thinking”: apa dan bagaimana? Oleh Arlinah I.R. Lokakarya PBL Jurusan Teknik Arsitektur Universitas Kristen Petra Hotel Majapahit."— Transcript presentasi:

1 “Good thinking”: apa dan bagaimana? Oleh Arlinah I.R. Arlinah@petra.ac.id Lokakarya PBL Jurusan Teknik Arsitektur Universitas Kristen Petra Hotel Majapahit - Surabaya, 17 Pebruari 2003

2 Pendidikan Teaching & learning content + process teacherstudent Do not know how to do the thinking Do not know how to facilitate the thinking process Good thinking good thinking

3 Good Thinking skills Creative thinking Critical thinking persepsi

4 Bloom’s Taxonomy Knowledge Knowledge Comprehension Comprehension…………………………... Critical thinking Application Application Analysis Analysis Synthesis Synthesis evaluation evaluation

5 Critical thinking vs Creative thinking interpretasiOrisinal/baru analisainisiatif evaluasifleksibel menyimpulkanelaborasi menjelaskankemungkinan Men-check diri sendiri Tidak umum Dialog/bertanya“Nakal”, Panning for gold Out of the box

6 Sikap “good thinker” fleksibel dan terbuka fleksibel dan terbuka ingin tahu( membaca dll) ingin tahu( membaca dll) Percaya diri Percaya diri Disiplin waktu Disiplin waktu Tekun dalam mencari jawaban/kebenaran Tekun dalam mencari jawaban/kebenaran Adil dalam mengevaluasi Adil dalam mengevaluasi Jujur dalam menghadapi “personal bias” Jujur dalam menghadapi “personal bias” “nakal” “nakal”

7 Penghambat “good thinking” cenderung menyederhanakan takut Konsisten/ kaku Stereotype/ generalisasi Kebiasaan/ tradisi Berpikir negatif Ego Kurang sense of humor

8 Thinking tools PMI ( plus, minus, interesting) ->ketika kita tdk ragu, yakin APC ( alternatives, possibilities, choices) -> menjelaskan, hipotesa, persepsi, problem, solusi, desain OPV ( other peoples’ views -> a better maP

9 Creative thinking tools BRAINSTORMING SCAMPER Random word

10 SCAMPER S - substitute S - substitute C - combine C - combine A - adapt, alter A - adapt, alter M - modify, magnify,minify M - modify, magnify,minify P - put to other uses P - put to other uses E - eliminate E - eliminate R – reverse, rearrange R – reverse, rearrange

11 http:// criticalthinking.org/posters.html

12 http://criticalthinking.org/posters.html Critical thinking

13 Mengembangkan “good thinking” dalam kelas Higher order objectives ( Bloom Taxonomy) Higher order objectives ( Bloom Taxonomy) Prior knowledge Prior knowledge Rencana aktivitas Rencana aktivitas Atmosfir kelas yang mendukung ( terbuka, demokratis, saling menghargai, relax) Atmosfir kelas yang mendukung ( terbuka, demokratis, saling menghargai, relax) Mengembangkan konsep + contoh/dan bukan contoh serta latihan Mengembangkan konsep + contoh/dan bukan contoh serta latihan Mengajar thinking skills & strategies secara langsung Mengajar thinking skills & strategies secara langsung Intergrasi thinking dalam aktivitas kelas ( diskusi, pertanyaan/tugas HO, cooperative learning, summary, menulis) Intergrasi thinking dalam aktivitas kelas ( diskusi, pertanyaan/tugas HO, cooperative learning, summary, menulis)

14 Daftar Referensi De Bono, Edward. De Bono’s Thinking Course.New York: Facts on File, 1982 De Bono, Edward. De Bono’s Thinking Course.New York: Facts on File, 1982 http://www.teachers.ash.org.au/research skills/thinking.htm#Creative http://www.teachers.ash.org.au/research skills/thinking.htm#Creative http://www.teachers.ash.org.au/research skills/thinking.htm#Creative http://www.teachers.ash.org.au/research skills/thinking.htm#Creative http://members.ozemail.com.au/~cavem an/Creative/Techniques/ http://members.ozemail.com.au/~cavem an/Creative/Techniques/ http://members.ozemail.com.au/~cavem an/Creative/Techniques/ http://members.ozemail.com.au/~cavem an/Creative/Techniques/ http://www.mdk12.org/practices/good_i nstruction/projectbetter/thinkingskills/ge neral.html http://www.mdk12.org/practices/good_i nstruction/projectbetter/thinkingskills/ge neral.html http://www.mdk12.org/practices/good_i nstruction/projectbetter/thinkingskills/ge neral.html http://www.mdk12.org/practices/good_i nstruction/projectbetter/thinkingskills/ge neral.html http://www.calumet.yorku.ca/spec/study /Creative%20Thinking.htm http://www.calumet.yorku.ca/spec/study /Creative%20Thinking.htm http://www.calumet.yorku.ca/spec/study /Creative%20Thinking.htm http://www.calumet.yorku.ca/spec/study /Creative%20Thinking.htm http://eduscapes.com/tap/topic69.htm http://eduscapes.com/tap/topic69.htm http://eduscapes.com/tap/topic69.htm http://www.teachers.ash.org.au/research skills/thinking.htm http://www.teachers.ash.org.au/research skills/thinking.htm http://www.teachers.ash.org.au/research skills/thinking.htm http://www.teachers.ash.org.au/research skills/thinking.htm http://criticalthinking.org/ http://criticalthinking.org/ http://criticalthinking.org/


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