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Study Group Regulasi 2011 Medan, 29 Juli 2011. Agenda 2 WG USO era KonvergensiMedan, 29 Juli 2011 1.Pendahuluan 2.Meeting dan Progres Kerja WG 3.Pembahasan.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Study Group Regulasi 2011 Medan, 29 Juli 2011. Agenda 2 WG USO era KonvergensiMedan, 29 Juli 2011 1.Pendahuluan 2.Meeting dan Progres Kerja WG 3.Pembahasan."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Study Group Regulasi 2011 Medan, 29 Juli 2011

2 Agenda 2 WG USO era KonvergensiMedan, 29 Juli Pendahuluan 2.Meeting dan Progres Kerja WG 3.Pembahasan Pleno II 4.Penutup

3 PENDAHULUAN Medan, 29 Juli WG USO Era Konvergensi

4 Visi dan Misi WG USO Era Konvergensi 4 Medan, 29 Juli 2011 Visi  Terwujudnya penyelenggaraan USO yang efektif dan efisien dalam rangka penyediaan infrastruktur telematika di daerah USO sebagai landasan bagi pemenuhan kebutuhan dasar dan kebutuhan sosial ekonomi serta menjembatani kesenjangan digital. Misi  Penyusunan Model kelembagaan USO yang efektif dan akuntabel  Keterjangkauan dan ketersediaan layanan dan informasi di seluruh wilayah nusantara  Keterjangkauan layanan untuk seluruh lapisan masyarakat  Pemanfaatan teknologi secara tepat guna mendorong terciptanya konvergensi infrastruktur dan layanan terpadu sesuai kebutuhan pengguna sehingga tercipta efektifitas penyelenggaraan.  Penggunaan sumber daya nasional secara efisien.

5 Meeting dan Progress Kerja WG Medan, 29 Juli 2011 WG USO Era Konvergensi

6 Progress 6 WG USO Era KonvergensiMedan, 29 Juli 2011 TanggalKegiatan 25 Mei 2011 (Telkom Bandung)  Diskusi membahas masalah kondisi USO saat ini  membahas agenda kedepan 6- 7 Juni 2011 (Telkom Bandung) Pertemuan kedua,  membahas Regulasi USO eksisting  membahas Progres implementasi USO  Menyusun kerangka kerja dan draft dokumen white paper 14 Juni 2011 (Batam)Pleno Studi Group II 4 – 5 Juli 2011 (Akmani Jakarta)  Bentuk USO era Konvergensi  Migrasi USO Fund ke ICT Fund  Kelembagaan menuju USF/ICT Fund  Program menuju broadband meaningfull 29 Juli 2011 (Medan)Pleno Studi Group III

7 Rencana Kerja & Target WG USO Era KonvergensiMedan, 29 Juli 2011 Rencana Kerja SGR 2011 Finalisasi White paper Draft White paper Diskusi, Materi & distribusi kuisioner Penyusunan hasil kuis, penyusunan kerangka WP dan Agenda Kegiatan selanjutnya 7 Pleno I Pleno II Pleno III Pleno IV Pleno V Pleno VI 26/04/ /06/ /07/ /10/ /10/ /12/ /07/ /09/ /10/ /11/ /05/ /09/ /10/ /11/2011 Pertemuan WG Pertemuan WG Pertemuan WG Pertemuan WG Pertemuan WG

8 PEMBAHASAN PLENO II Medan, 29 Juli WG USO Era Konvergensi

9 Definisi USO Era Konvergensi 9 Medan, 29 Juli 2011 WG USO Era Konvergensi

10 Definisi USO Era Konvergensi 10 WG USO Era KonvergensiMedan, 29 Juli 2011  Definisi: “Menyediakan sarana/infrastruktur TIK dan memberdayakan masyarakat dalam menggunakan sarana tersebut dalam rangka meningkatkan kesejahteraan bagi masyarakat itu sendiri menuju Meaningful Broadband”.

11 11 Medan, 29 Juli 2011 WG USO Era Konvergensi

12 Funding Model 12  UAF/USF (Universal Access Funds, Universal Service Funds)  Stimulus Funds to develop Next Generation Access Focused on Next Generation Access (fibre optic) and widespread broadband access.  ICT funds Covering a much wider range of projects then USO/UAF/USF to develop ICT, e.g. ICT in schools, healthcare facilities Medan, 29 Juli 2011 WG USO Era Konvergensi Source: Universal Access and Service: New Direction? Example from the East Asia and Pasific Region Natasha Beschorner, The World Bank

13 STUDY FROM WORLD BANK Medan, 29 Juli WG USO Era Konvergensi

14 Kemkominfo 14 Universal Service : Perbedaan “Access Gap”

15 The key USF features & trends 1.Funding targets  Access networks for Voice & Internet – Public Access, POPs, Mobile Penetration  Network Backbone – increasing number of cases  School Internet access – usually Internet only on declining subsidy basis  Other Essential Facilities – Local Government, Health clinics, Security  Content & Capacity / Training  National Internet Exchanges 2.USFs moving from purely access to backbone  Broadband demands backbone upgrades – mostly to fibre  OECD countries tend to finance direct but USFs still important for non OECD 3.Operators, especially mobile, have greater interest in reaching rural areas commercially which reduces required subsidies  Well over 90% of population of the World now in coverage of 2G mobile service  3G now the de facto means to reach rural areas with Internet  Operators can reach most areas commercially if backbone is supplied and frequency allocations are suitable for rural coverage

16 Key operational principles & elements of best practice USFs  The Tool for a liberalized market – Subsidy replaces obligations on Monopoly Incumbent & direct Government financial involvement in the sector  A form of PPP, but Government’s main role is to provide direction and targets  The money comes from the operators  The money returns to the operators, usually under a competitive auction process  A practical “pay or play” concept – all operators pay their obligation, while those who wish can compete for the money  Competition for funds - transparent, impartial & fair  The account is independent of Government budget - but audited & publicly reported  The Subsidy - awarded to the winning operator as a capital contribution  Consultation - USF programs developed with industry & stakeholder views

17 2010 Survey: How much in USFs? Imbalance between receipts and expenditures caused mainly by a few large funds who charge too much DESCRIPTIONVALUE Number of questionnaires sent out67 Total no. of completed questionnaires30 Total value of funds collected since inception (US$, excl. USA) US$ 11,565 Mn Total value of funds dispersed since inception US$ 3,676 Mn % of funds dispersed32% Most USFs levy between 1-2% of revenue Indonesia’s levy of 1.25% is about right Malaysia has charged 6%, India & Colombia 5%

18 How do USFs disperse funds? DescriptionValue Total number of questionnaires sent out67 Total number of completed questionnaires 50 Number of countries where provision of USF funds is conducted by competitive least subsidy tender 37 % of countries where provision of USF funds is conducted by competitive least subsidy tender 74%  Those which are not competitive typically use direct allocations & obligations on incumbent, or invite application submissions from operators  Trend is increasingly towards competitive tender

19 Key international approaches to Broadband ApproachLeading country examples 1Competitive tender &/or Government initiative to build new backbone &/or access infrastructure, incl. use of USF Canada, Chile, India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Singapore, Malaysia, other USF countries 2Create / Underwrite DemandMalaysia, Singapore, OECD countries 3Stimulate Private Demand in the ICT Sector – e.g., PC initiatives, industry & educational initiatives, local services Korea, China, Egypt, Thailand, OECD countries 4Regulatory Reform, liberalisation, competitive fixed & unified licensing, creative spectrum policies Pakistan, India, S. Africa, Chile, Brazil, Peru, New Zealand, Germany, UK, USA 5Integral part of an Economic Stimulus package (1.38% GDP growth/10% Internet penetration) USA, UK, Canada, Japan, Finland, Singapore, Korea, Australia These address the main obstacles to broadband development Several may be pursued in combination

20 USF DI NEGARA LAIN

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23 Penutup 23  Rencana Pembahasan untuk Pleno berikut: 1. Kelembagaan USO era Konvergensi 2. Program-program USO era Konvergensi WG Layanan KonvergensiMedan, 29 Juli 2011

24 24 WG USO Era KonvergensiMedan, 29 Juli 2011 Terima kasih


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