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PERAN KEWIRAUSAHAAN DALAM BIDANG EKONOMI DAN SOSIAL.

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Presentasi berjudul: "PERAN KEWIRAUSAHAAN DALAM BIDANG EKONOMI DAN SOSIAL."— Transcript presentasi:

1 PERAN KEWIRAUSAHAAN DALAM BIDANG EKONOMI DAN SOSIAL

2 Menurut Anda, bagaimanakah cara meningkatkan keunggulan bersaing perekonomian Indonesia ?

3 WHAT ENTREPRENEURS DO? EMPLOYMENT & INCOME GENERATION ENTERPRISES ENTREPRENEURS Taxes/Govt. Revenues Poverty Alleviation Higher Productivity & Innovations Output & Exports Wealth

4 Peran Kewirausahaan Terjadi perubahan struktur perekonomian, dimana prinsip skala ekonomis yang dikuasi perusahaan besar mulai digeser oleh prinsip fleksibilitas dan inovasi perusahaan kecil menengah Kewirausahaan sering dikaitkan dengan fungsi-fungsi  Inovasi dlm pencarian kombinasi faktor-faktor ekonomi untuk memenuhi kebutuhan manusia  Pengelolaan sumber daya secara efektif dan menguntungkan melalui penciptaan usaha baru  Penciptaan kesejahteraan melalui pembukaan lapangan pekerjaan Namun wirausaha tidak hanya berada di dalam aktivitas ekonomi tetapi ia juga berada pada kehidupan sosial

5 Hirarki Peran Kewirausahaan Political change and leadership Social and cultural endeavours Non profit organization Profit- making venture (Wickham,1998) Scope of activity

6 Peran kewirausahaan dalam inovasi Wirausaha sebagai disruptor Wirausaha sebagai opportunity identifier Wirausaha sebagai risk taker Wiruasaha sebagai resources shifter Wiruasaha sebagai breakthrough innovator

7 Inovasi & Perubahan “innovation is the specific tool of entrepreneurs, the means which they exploit change as an opportunity for a different business or a different service” (Drucker, 1997) Dalam bisnis inovasi berarti  A new way of delivering an existing product or service  A new way of informing the consumer about a product and promoting it to them  New ways of organizing labor and capital in order to produce the product or service  New approach to managing relationship with consumers and others organization

8 Type Perusahaan berdasarkan tingkat Inovasi  Elephant-the typical large, slow growth companies that unresponsive to change in the economy  Mice-small, no-growth firms  Gazelles-new ventures that grow rapidly and are based on significant innovation

9 Peran Kewirausahaan dalam Ekonomi Create job Shape innovation Speed up structural change in economy Create new competition Entrepreneur as a catalyst of economy growth and national competitiveness

10 Daya Saing Ekonomi World Economic Forum (WEF) adalah salah satu lembaga yang melakukan pemeringkatan posisi daya saing suatu negara Daya saing (competitiveness) menurut WEF adalah “the set of institutions, policies, and factors that determine the level of productivity of a country.” Sedangkan pengertian tingkat produktifitas (the level of productivity) adalah “the level of prosperity that can be earned by an economy”..

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12 Tingkat Daya Saing Ekonomi berdasar Kunci Pertumbuhan Factor subsistence agriculture to extraction of natural resources, creating regional scale-intensive agglomeration Increased industrialization and economies of scale. Large firms dominate, but supply chain niches open up for SME R&D, knowledge intensity, and expanding service sector. Greater potential for innovative entrepreneurial activity Factor -driven Efficiency-driven Innovation-driven Basic requirement Efficiency enhancers Entrepreneurship conditions

13 Daya saing Ekonomi Indonesia

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17 No Country Members Enterprise Scale MicroSmallMediumMSME%Large%Total 1 Denmark184,55622,8234,027211, % %212,129 2 Finland198,29812,5512,316213, % %213,774 3 Germany1,510,416255,77143,7271,809, %8, %1,818,909 4 Italy3,688,688194,03720,0063,902, %3, %3,905,835 5 Japan117,231110,02326,332253, %4, %258,157 6 Nederland482,03548,3008,405538, %1, %540,290 7 UK1,468,612168,44427,4831,664, %6, %1,670,622 8 Sweden527,61827,3404,861559, %1, %560,831 9 Spain2,511,563175,52122,0082,709, %3, %2,712,397 Komposisi Skala Usaha di Beberapa Negara Maju

18 Kontribusi UMKM thd Export, thd keseluruhan perusahaan, dan thd penciptaan lapangan pekerjaan di beberapa negara Asia-Pasifik Country MSME share in Export MSME share of total enterprise MSME share of total workforce China India 40.0n.a Malaysia Pakistan Republic of Korea Singapore Taiwan Province of China Thailand Viet Nam Micronesia (Federated states of) n.a>

19 Komposisi Unit Usaha di Indonesia No.Year Enterprises Scale MicroSmallMediumMSME%Large%Total ,217,5671,694,008105,48747,017, , ,022, ,512,438472,60236,76349,021, , ,026, ,608,953498,56538,28250,145, , ,150, ,847,771522,12439,71751,409, , ,414, ,176,795546,67541,13352,764, , ,769, ,823,732573,60142,63153,823,73299,994,8380,0153,828, ,206,444602,19544,28055,206,44499,994,9520,0155,211,396

20 Jumlah Tenaga Kerja di Indonesia berdasarkan skala usaha, No.Year Enterprises Scale MicroSmallMediumMSME%Large%Total ,966,5089,204,7864,415,32283,586, ,719, %86,305, ,071,1443,139,7112,698,74387,909, ,441, %90,350, ,452,0023,278,7932,761,13590,491, ,535, %93,027, ,810,3663,519,8432,694,06994,024, ,756, %96,780, ,012,6943,521,0732,677,56596,211, ,674, %98,886, ,014,7493,627,1642, ,401,77597,22,839,7112,78102,241, ,957,7973,919,9922,844,669101,722,45897,22,891,2242,76104,613,681


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