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Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 1 THE OBJECTIVES OF STUDYING ENGLISH; 1. BEING ABLE TO COMMUNICATE WITH 2. USING ENGLISH IN TEACHING & LEARNING PROCESS.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 1 THE OBJECTIVES OF STUDYING ENGLISH; 1. BEING ABLE TO COMMUNICATE WITH 2. USING ENGLISH IN TEACHING & LEARNING PROCESS."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 1 THE OBJECTIVES OF STUDYING ENGLISH; 1. BEING ABLE TO COMMUNICATE WITH 2. USING ENGLISH IN TEACHING & LEARNING PROCESS.

2 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 2 STEPS OF LEARNING ENGLISH EFFECTIVELY MAKING ENGLISH ATMOSPHERE UNDERSTANDING THE MAIN CONSTRUCTIONS OF ENGLISH SENTENCES & PRACTICE A LOT MEMORIZING COMMON WORDS (INDONESIAN TO ENGLISH) PRESENTATION TEACHING PRACTICE EVALUATING THE MODEL OF TEACHING PRACTICE DISCUSSION

3 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 3 SENTENCE SUBJECT + PREDICATE + OBJECT / ADVERB KATA KERJA/ KATA BENDA / TO BE (IS/AM/ARE) KATA GANTINYA KATA BENDA / KATA GANTINYA

4 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 4 KATA GANTI SBG SUBYEK SBG OBYEK SBG KPMLKAN SAYAIMEMY KITA / KAMI WEUSOUR DIA (LAKI2) HEHIMHIS DIA (PRMPN) SHEHER

5 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 5 KATA GANTI SBG SUBYEK SBG OBYEK SBG KPMLKAN KAMU / ANDA YOU YOUR MEREKATHEYTHEMTHEIR INI / ITU (NYA) IT ITS

6 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 6 EXAMPLE : 1. SAYA PINJAM BUKU ANDA = I BORROW YOUR BOOK 2. TEMAN SAYA MENYUKAI DIA (PRMPN) MY FRIEND LIKES HER 3. MEREKA MEMBANTU SAYA = THEYHELP ME 4. ANDA SELALU MENYALAHKAN SAYA = YOU ALWAYSBLAME ME 5. INI TERGANTUNG PADA MEREKA = IT DEPENDS ON THEM

7 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 7 THE MAIN CONSTRUCTIONS OF ENGLISH IN FUNCTION 1.a.MAKING IMPERATIVE (COMMAND or REQUEST)----  Perintah Verb + Object/Adverb or Be + Adjective/Adverb Bisa pakai kata “Please” Example : - sit down, come here, help me, etc. - be serious, be diligent, be at home, be here, be on time, etc.

8 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 8 1.b. Making Imperative (Prohibition)---  Melarang Don’t + Verbs / Don’t be + Adj/Adv. Jangan..... Pakai “Please” utk memperhalus Example: - Don’t take = jangan ambil - Don’t step on the grass = jangan menginjak rumput - please, don’t forget = mohon jangan lupa - Don’t be noisy = jangan ramai - Don’t be lazy = jangan malas - please, don’t be angry = mohon, jangan marah

9 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 9 2. MAKING SENTENCES : A.1. Subject + Verb + (Object/Adverb) me/ber..... Example: - saya mengerjakan PR = I do Homework. - saya dan kamu mengerjakan PR = I and you do Homework - Kita mengerjakan PR = We do Homework - Didi mengerjakan PR = Didi does Homework He does Homework - Tina does Homework She does Homework - Dita & Tina do Homework - They do Homework

10 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 10 A.1.2. Subject + do not / don’t + Verbs +... does not/doesn’t tidak me/ber.... Example : - Saya tidak bekerja hari ini = I don’t work today. - Mereka tidak mengerti = They don’t understand - Pak Budi tidak ikut kursus = Mr.Budi doesn’t join the course He doesn’t join the course - Bu Dyah tidak datang kemari = Mrs.Dyah doesn’t come here She doesn’t come here

11 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 11 A.2.a. Subject + is/am/are + Adjective / Adverb / Noun tdk usah diartikan Example : - Saya capai = I am tired - Kamu benar = You are right - Dia pintar = He/She is smart A.2.b. Subject + is/am/are/ + not + adj/Adv/Noun +... tidak/bukan... Example : - Saya tidak sakit = I am not sick - Dia tidak hadir = He/she is not present - Saya bukan dokter = I am not a doctor

12 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 12 B. Subject + is/am/are + Verb-ing + (Object/Adverb). Sedang me/ber Example : - saya sedang mengajar bahasa Inggris = I am teaching English - Pak Budi sedang mengajar Bhs.Inggris = Mr.Budi is teaching English. He is teaching English - Bu Sita sedang mengajar Bhs. Inggris= Mrs.Sita is teaching English - Pak Cucu dan Bu Sita sedang mengajar Bahasa Inggris = Mr.Cucu and Mrs.Sita are teaching English They are teaching English

13 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 13 C.1.a. Subject + will+ Verb + (Object/Adverb). akan/mau me/ber..... Example : - saya akan membantu anda = I will help you / I shall help you - Siti akan membantu anda = Siti will help you - Dia akan membantu anda = She will help you - Pak Irfan akan membantu anda = Mr.Irfan will help you - Mereka akan membantu anda = They will help you - Kita akan membantu anda = We will help you / we shall help you C. 1.b. Subject + will not / won’t + Verb + Object/Adverb = tidak akan/ tidak mau me/ber... Example : - Saya tidak akan datang kesana = I won’t come there - Mereka tidak mau pergi ke pantai = They won’t go to the beach - Dia tidak akan mengganggu kita = He / she won’t bother us

14 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 14 C.1.a. Subject + Can + Verb + (Object/Adverb) bisa/dapat me/ber... Example : - saya bisa mencuci pakaian = I can wash the clothes - Bu Titik dapat menjahit pakaian = Mrs.Titik can sew the clothes She can sew the clothes - Para siswa dapat membuat robot = The students can make robot They can make robot C.1.b. Subject + can not/can’t + Verb + Obj./Adv tidak bisa/tidak dapat me/ber... Example : - Saya tidak bisa mengerjakan soal ini = I can’t do this item. - Kita tidak dapat mengatur mereka = We can’t arrange them - Bu Tari tidak bisa memasak = Mrs.Tari cannot cook

15 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 15 C.2. Subject + must + verb + (object/adverb) harus/musti me/ber... Example : - Saya harus menunggu anda = I must wait you - Pak Agus harus datang kemari = Mr.Agus must come here - Dia harus bekerja keras = He must work hard - Kita harus berjalan cepat = We must walk fast

16 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 16 C.3.a. Subject + may + verb + (object/adverb) boleh/mungkin me/ber... Example : - Anda boleh pulang = You may go home - anda mungkin membutuhkannya = You may need it - Para siswa boleh membuka buku = The students may open the book - Mereka boleh mengikuti kursus ini = They may follow this course. - Kita boleh merubah judulnya = We may change the title C.3.b. Subject + may not + Verb + Object/Adverb tidak boleh / tidak mungkin... Example : - Mereka tidak boleh pulang = They may not go home - Dia mungkin tidak datang kesini = He/she may not come here - Para siswa tidak boleh membawa HP = The students may not bring Handphone/ mobile phone

17 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 17 C.3.c. Subject + will/can/must/may/should + be + Adj/Adv/... Example : - Mereka akan kesini = They will be here - Saya bisa marah = I can be angry - Kita harus ke rumah sakit segera = We must be at hospital soon - Anda boleh di dalam ruangan =You may be in the room - Dia mungkin capai hari ini = He/She may be tired today - Pak Jamhari seharusnya hadir sekarang = Mr.Jamhari should be present now C.3.d. Subject + will/can/must/may + not + be + Adj/Adv/.... Example : - Dia tidak akan marah pada saya = He will not be angry with me. - Kita nggak bisa kesana sekarang = We can not be there now - Anda tidak harus kemari sendiri = You must not be here alone

18 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 18 D.1. Subject + already+ Verb Sudah/telah me/ber... Example : - Saya telah menjelaskannya = I already explain it - Pak Hadi telah menjelaskannya = Mr.Hadi already explains it - Beliau telah menjelaskannya = He already explains it - Mereka telah menjelaskannya = They already explain it - Anda telah menjelaskannya = You already explain it - Kita telah menjelaskannya = We already explained it D.2. Subject + do not/don’t yet+ Verb does not/doesn’t yet = belum me/ber... Example : - Saya belum tahu = I don’t yet know - Mereka belum membayar SPP = They don’t yet pay their school fee - Dia belum mengumpulkan foto = He / she doesn’t yet collect the photograph

19 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 19 D.3.a. Subject + Is/am/are + already + Adj./Adv/Noun. telah/sudah... Example : - Saya sudah lapar = I am already hungry - Pisaunya telah tumpul =The knife is already blunt D.3.b. Subject + is/am/are not yet + Adj./Adv./Noun = belum... Example : - Saya belum ngantuk = I am not yet sleepy - Dia belum lapar = He/she is not yet hungry

20 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 20 E. Subject + am/is/are + Verb 3 + (Object/Adverb) di Example : - Pekerjaan dikumpulkan segera = The job is collected soon - saya diberitahu barusan = I am informed just now - Para siswa diminta masuk kelas = The students are asked to enter the classroom - Pak Tris dipanggil oleh KepSek. = Mr.Tris is called by The principal/headmaster - Buku diberikan pada saya = The book is given to me. - Suratnya diletakkan di meja anda = The letter is put on your table.

21 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 21 SUBJECT + IS/AM/ARE + NOT + VERB tidak di... Example : - Saya tidak diajak = I am not invited - Buku tidak diberikan pada saya = The book is not given to me. - Para siswa tidak diberitahu = The students are not informed - Pintunya tidak dikunci = The door is not locked.

22 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 22 E.1. Subject + Is/am/are + already + Verb 3 + (O./Ad.) telah di/ ter... Example : - Pertanyaannya telah terjawab = The question is already answered - Saya telah diberitahu = I am already informed - Laporannya telah diambil The report is already taken - Pajaknya telah dibayarkan = The tax is already paid - Pertunjukan telah dimulai sejak jam 8 = The show is already started since 8 Oclock

23 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 23 SUBJECT + is/am/are + not + already + VERB belum di/ter..... Example : - Laporannya belum dibuat = The report is not already made - Semua ruang kelas belum disapu = All classrooms are not already swept - Peraturannya belum disosialisasikan kepada para siswa = The rule isn’t already socialized to the students - Saya belum diberitahu = I am not already informed

24 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 24 E.2. Subject + will/shall + be + Verb 3 + (Ob./Ad.) mau/akan di/ter... Example : - Kita akan diberi sebuah komputer = We shall be given a computer - Suratnya akan dikirim segera = The letter will be sent soon - Buku2 akan dikembalikan ke Perpustakaan The books will be returned to the library

25 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 25 E.3. Subject + can + be + Verb 3 + (Obj. / Adv.) dapat/bisa di... Example : - Pertanyaannya dapat dijawab = The question can be answered - Hujan dapat dibuat = The rain can be made - Almari bisa dipindah ke pojok = The cupboard can be moved to the corner - Sampah ini bisa didaur-ulang = This rubbish can be recycled.

26 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 26 E.4. Subject + must + be + Verb 3 + (Obj./Adv.) harus di... Example : - Rumputnya harus dipotong = The grass must be cut - Saluran airnya harus diperbaiki = The drainage must be repaired - Tombolnya harus ditekan kebawah = The button must be pressed down - Pulsanya harus diisi ulang lagi = The voucher must be refilled again

27 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 27 Subject + may + be + verb boleh/mungkin di... Example : - Ikannya mungkin dimakan kucing = The fish may be eaten by the cat - Tasnya boleh dibawa masuk ke lab = The bag may be brought in the laboratory - Formulir-formulir ini boleh diambil = These forms may be taken away

28 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo 28 E.5. Subject + is/am/are + being + Verb Sedang di Example : - Bukunya sedang dibaca = The book is being read - Lukanya sedang diobati = The wound is being cured - Meja dan kursi sedang dilap = The table & chair are being wiped - Saya sedang diwawancarai = I am being interviewed

29 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo MAKING QUESTIONS 3.1.a. Do/Does + Subject + Verb ? Apakah ? Example : - Apakah kamu mengerti ? Do you understand ? Yes, I do / No, I don’t - Apakah Pak Amir datang ? Does Mr.Amir come ? Yes, he does / No, he doesn’t 3.1.b. Are/am/is + Subject + Adjective/Adverb +... ? Apakah ? Example : - Apakah anda lapar ? Are you hungry ? Yes, I am / No, I am not - Apakah saya keliru ? Am I wrong ? Yes, you are / No, you aren’t - Apakah Bu Ratih absen hari ini ? Is Mrs.Ratih absent today ? Yes, She is / No, she isn’t

30 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo a. Do/Does + Subject + already + Verb 1? Apakah Sudah ? / Sudahkah... ? Example : - Apakah anda sudah selesai? = Do you already finish? - Apakah mereka sudah berangkat? = Do they already leave/go? - Apakah Bu Sita sudah tiba di sekolah? = Does Mrs.Sita already arrive at school? 3.2.b. Is/Am/Are + Subject + already + Adj./Adverbs/Noun ? Apakah.... Sudah..... ? / Sudahkah... ? Example : - Apakah anda sudah lapar? = Are you already hungry ? - Apakah dia sudah gila ? = Is she/he already crazy? - Apakah ruangan kelas sudah bersih ? = Is the classroom already clean ?

31 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo c. Have/Has + subject + Verb ? Sudahkah / Apakah...sudah ? Example : - Sudahkah anda tahu ? atau Apakah anda sudah tahu ? = Have you known ? Yes, I have No, I haven’t / Not yet - Sudahkah dia pergi ? atau Apakah dia sudah pergi ? = Has he/she gone away ? Yes, he/she has No, he/she hasn’t / Not yet 3.2.d. Have/Has + Subject + been + Adj./Adv.? Sudahkah/Apakah.....sudah ? Example : - Apakah kamu sudah lapar ? = Have you been hungry ? Yes, I have / No, I haven’t - Apakah ruangan sudah bersih ? = Has the room been clean ? Yes, It has / No, It hasn’t

32 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo a. Will + Subject + Verb ? Maukah/akankah ? Apakah.....akan / mau ? Example : - Maukah mereka mengikuti lomba = Will they follow the contest ? Yes, they will No, they won’t - Apakah dia akan datang ? = Will he/she come ? Yes, he/she will / No, he/she won’t 3.3. b. Will + Subject + be + Adj./Adv. ? Akankah/Maukah ? Apakah....akan/mau....? Example : - Apakah dia akan marah ? = Will he/she be angry ? Yes, he/she will / No, he/she won’t - Akankah mereka senang/bahagia ? = Will they be happy ? Yes, they will / No, they won’t

33 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo a. Can + Subject + Verb ? Dapatkah/Bisakah ? Apakah dapat/bisa ? Example : - Dapatkah kamu membantu saya = Can you help me ? Yes, I can / No, I can’t - Apakah kita dapat mengatasinya = Can we overcome it ? Yes, we can No, we can’t 3.4.b. Can + Subject + be + Adj./Adv ? Dapatkah/bisakah ? Apakah dapat/bisa ? Example : - Apakah pohon ini bisa tinggi ? = Can this tree be tall ? Yes, It can / No, It can’t - Bisakah mereka tepat waktu ? Can they be punctual? Yes, they can No, they can’t

34 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo a. Question Words + Auxilaries + Subject + Verb/Adj./Adv? (What, Where, (do/does, When, How,...) have/has can,will,...) Example : - Apakah yang kamu beli ? = What do you buy ? Something - Apa yang telah mereka temukan ? = What do they already find ? Something - Apa yang akan kita lakukan ? = What will we do ? Action - Dimanakah dia tinggal ? = Where does he/she live ? - Dimana anda akan mengajar ? = Where will you teach ? - Kapan mereka berangkat ke Jakarta ?= When do they leave for Jakarta ?

35 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo b. Question Words + Verbs+ Object/Adverb? (Who/What) Example: - Siapa yang mengajar Geografi? Who teachs Geography? Mr.Hadi - Siapa yang meminjam buku saya? Who borrows my book? Yani / Tono - Apa yang membuat anda sedih? What makes you sad? Get bad mark Come late to school Etc. - Apakah yang terjadi barusan? What happens just now? My glasses lost Edi hit me, Sir. Etc.

36 Arranged by Mr.Gendut Waskito Utomo c. Question Words + Is/am/are + Adj/Adv/Noun? (Who / What) Example : - Siapakah Pak Amir Itu? Who is Mr.Amir? He is a Matemathic teacher - Siapa yang tidak hadir hari ini? Who is/are absent today? Tina, Rudi & Mila - Apakah Ekologi itu? What is Ecology ? It is a science that studies the Ecosystem. - Apakah Atom itu ? What is Atom? It is the smallest particle that has a huge power


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