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Ukuran Pemusatan dan Lokasi Pertemuan 03 Matakuliah: L0104 / Statistika Psikologi Tahun : 2008.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Ukuran Pemusatan dan Lokasi Pertemuan 03 Matakuliah: L0104 / Statistika Psikologi Tahun : 2008."— Transcript presentasi:

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2 Ukuran Pemusatan dan Lokasi Pertemuan 03 Matakuliah: L0104 / Statistika Psikologi Tahun : 2008

3 Bina Nusantara Learning Outcomes 3 Pada akhir pertemuan ini, diharapkan mahasiswa akan mampu : Mahasiswa akan dapat menghitung ukuran- ukuran pemusatan dan lokasi, Untuk data berkelompol (tersaji dalam tabel distribusi frekuensi dan data tidak berkelompok (ungrouping data).

4 Bina Nusantara Outline Materi 4 Rata-rata (Hitung, Ukur dan Harmonis) Modus Median Kuartil Desil Persentil

5 Bina Nusantara Measures of Center centerA measure along the horizontal axis of the data distribution that locates the center of the distribution.

6 Bina Nusantara Arithmetic Mean or Average meanThe mean of a set of measurements is the sum of the measurements divided by the total number of measurements. where n = number of measurements

7 Bina Nusantara Example The set: 2, 9, 1, 5, 6 population mean  If we were able to enumerate the whole population, the population mean would be called  (the Greek letter “mu”).

8 Bina Nusantara Median medianThe median of a set of measurements is the middle measurement when the measurements are ranked from smallest to largest. position of the medianThe position of the median is.5(n + 1) once the measurements have been ordered.

9 Bina Nusantara Example The set: 2, 4, 9, 8, 6, 5, 3n = 7 Sort:2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 Position:.5(n + 1) =.5(7 + 1) = 4th Median = 4 th largest measurement The set: 2, 4, 9, 8, 6, 5n = 6 Sort:2, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 Position:.5(n + 1) =.5(6 + 1) = 3.5 th Median = (5 + 6)/2 = 5.5 — average of the 3 rd and 4 th measurements

10 Bina Nusantara Mode modeThe mode is the measurement which occurs most frequently. The set: 2, 4, 9, 8, 8, 5, 3 8 –The mode is 8, which occurs twice The set: 2, 2, 9, 8, 8, 5, 3 82bimodal –There are two modes—8 and 2 (bimodal) The set: 2, 4, 9, 8, 5, 3 no mode –There is no mode (each value is unique).

11 Bina Nusantara Example Mean? Median? Mode? (Highest peak) The number of quarts of milk purchased by 25 households:

12 Bina Nusantara Extreme Values The mean is more easily affected by extremely large or small values than the median. Applet The median is often used as a measure of center when the distribution is skewed.

13 Bina Nusantara Extreme Values Skewed left: Mean < Median Skewed right: Mean > Median Symmetric: Mean = Median

14 Bina Nusantara Key Concepts I. Measures of Center 1. Arithmetic mean (mean) or average a. Population: m b. Sample of size n: 2. Median: position of the median =.5(n +1) 3. Mode 4. The median may preferred to the mean if the data are highly skewed.

15 Bina Nusantara Rumus-rumus (Formula) di atas untuk menentukan rata-rata dan ukuran lainnya untuk data yang tidak berkelompok, sedangkan untuk data berkelompok (dalam tabel dist frekuensi) dapat digunakan Rumus di atas dengan mengganti Xi dengan fiXi (lihat referensi)

16 Bina Nusantara Selamat Belajar Semoga Sukses.


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