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Departemen Geografi FMIPA UI. Hidup dari lingkungan Berburu dan bertani Berdagang / barter Berdagang / transaksi benda berharga (uang) Export/ import.

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Presentasi berjudul: "Departemen Geografi FMIPA UI. Hidup dari lingkungan Berburu dan bertani Berdagang / barter Berdagang / transaksi benda berharga (uang) Export/ import."— Transcript presentasi:

1 Departemen Geografi FMIPA UI

2 Hidup dari lingkungan Berburu dan bertani Berdagang / barter Berdagang / transaksi benda berharga (uang) Export/ import Perdagangan regional baru Apalagi yang akan datang ? Information Communication Technology Jaman imperialisme > Imperialisme gaya baru Globalisasi Tata dunia baru (metanasional) Geographical Knowledge and Enlightenment Enlightenment: as “related to theoeitical matters: to (objective) rational knowledge and to (subjective) facility in rational reflection about matters of human life” (Livingstone, David N, 1999) Mental maps Pemetaan awal dan ensiklopedia (Ptolemy,Colum bus, Ratzel, dll) Foto Udara GIS/ GPS / GPRS/ what else ? LokalRegional Trans - Continent Global Spatial Dynamics: Global Regional National Local Site

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4 Dasar Kompetisi FLEXIBLE COMPANY QUALITY COMPANY EFFICIENT COMPANY INOVASI PILIHAN KUALITAS BIAYA ORGANISASI YANG INOVATIF ORGANISASI YANG FLEKSIBEL ORGANISASI YANG BERKUALITAS ORGANISASI YANG EFISIEN 60-an 70-an80-an 90-an TAHUN ORGANISASI YANG CERDAS DAYA SAING OTAK an PERMINTAANPASAR

5 Corporate function R&D Manuf acturi ng Marke ting SalesServic es Overseas Operation Rigid Business system known as Value Chain (equity link) A 20 th -century companyA 21st-century corporation Kenichi Ohmae, 2000 R&DSilicon ValleyTelco Engin eering Manuf acturi ng Sales Servic es In Vietnam (Outsourced) Major Markets (Outsourced) In Bangalore, Heyderabad Marke ting Custo mers The Company internet $ bill collection $ Network function with key levers at hand

6 DATA Pengetahuan yang tersebar INFORMASI Mengumpulkan pengetahuan yang tersebar ANALISIS Kategorisasi dan klasifikasi informasi INTELLIGENCE Implikasi untuk pembuatan keputusan Cenderung membangun Data warehouse/ Data mining GIS (sebagian besar aktifitas Geografikal Indonesia masih di sini) Membangun Decision Support System SDSS

7 Internal Client Data Eksternal Sistem Pendukung Pembuatan Keputusan Spatial (Spatial Decision Support System/ SDSS) Modelling, analisis dan visualisasi Gudang Data Spatial (Spatial Data Warehouse) Data Fusion and Management Pemilihan Lokasi Segmentasi toko/outlet Rencana Jejaring Analisa Promosi Pemetaan Pasar Rencana Merger & Akuisisi Analisa Kompetitor Perdagangan (Merchandise) & Mix Analysis Supply-side Data Unit Record Data (example) Aggregate Data Unit Record Data (example) Toko distri busi ISIC Skala Format gudang Waktu Bisnis MallRuko Pusat kawasan belanja WaralabaKode Pos Penamaan daerah: Kebayoran Daerah sensus kota Propinsi Nama Alamat Suku Pendapatan Status Pekerjaan Pengeluaran Demand side Data

8 Iklim Hidrologi Geomorfologi Demografi Adat Agama IptekLanskap FisikLanskap Sosial Pemahaman Karakteristik Dinamika Masyarakat Perumusan Karakteristik Sosiolinguistik Desk research Penetapan variabel makro Perumusan Dialect Topography Desk Research Penetapan Prototipe Model Hipotetis Dialect Topography Survey data primer Simulasi isogloss Perumusan Karakteristik Sosial Perumusan Prototipe Hipotetis Dialect Topography Spatial behavior

9 Data PrimerData Sekunder Social surveyGeographical survey Site Factors Analysis 1.Site Cognitive 2.Distance Cognitive Location factors Analysis 1.Potential Area 2.Area situation/ environment Buffer Analysis and network Internal Analysis External Analysis LOKASI POTENSI KAWASAN INDUSTRI/ PERDAGANGAN 1.Prioritas lokasi potensi untuk kawasan industri 2.Gambaran situasi pendukung lokasi kawasan industri/ perdagangan

10 Data lokasi/area Peruntukan tanah (pemukiman, perkantoran/bisnis); eksisting & master plan Harga tanah Jaringan jalan Fasilitas umum/publik Existing bank service points (Kantor  ATM) Data sosial & bisnis Demografis (+ agama)  individual/retail Establisment (kantor/ pabrik)  corporate Analisa empiris potensi lokasi Bank (orientasi) OUTPUT Lokasi Potensi (per prioritas) Data banking habits faktor penentu memilih bank kebiasaan memanfaatkan jasa bank (cara, saat/occation, waktu,frekuensi,siapa, dll) Location perceived: kognisi, afektif, konatif Analisa tingkah laku nasabah bank terkait dengan lokasi outlet bank OUTPUT Lokasi Potensi (perspektif nasabah) Analisa komprehensif Potensi Lokasi LOKASI PRIMER/ PRIORITAS UNTUK Bank

11 Spatial Imagination Values Cognitive Space Affective Space Conative Psychologi cal transforma tion Cognitive Affective Conative Spatial Behavior Practices Spatial arrangement / Tata Ruang perencanaan wilayah SPACE VALUE ?

12 Cognitive Space Affective Space Sense of Place Spatial Attributes Physical Landscape Cultural Landscape Spatial Behavior Spatial Arrangement Regional Planning Process Positive Approach Relative Approach

13 Idealism: United in Diversity based on Pacasila (?) Hundreds of ethnic groups Unbalanced geodemographic distribution (less densed pop. in eastern) Dominated by muslim (concentrated in western and center) SocietyEconomy Environment Economic/business activities concentraed more in Western part Western part has better infrastructure and business support Western part is closer to international business center (Singapore-Malaysia and East Asia) Big gap between urban and rural economy Biodiversity; second richest in the world (land + sea) Heavy exploitation in western rather than eastern Scaterred Resources (tangibles and intangibles) Confusing Laws central vs local by sector

14 How Asians and Westerners Think Differently and WHY (Richard E. Nisbett, 2003) Ecology Economy Social Structure Attention Metaphysics Epistemology Cognitive Process Westerners Orientation Cognitive Process Epistemology Metaphysics Attention Social Structure Economy Ecology Asians Orientation

15 Knowledge creation Continuous innovation Competitive advantage

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17 Information spaces Social spaces Infrastructure

18 distortion and deception “how to lie with maps” ► most obvious being through - data selection/omission - projections ► how are maps of cyberspace deceiving? ► Clearly there are many ways to project cyberspace onto a map

19 Universitas Indonesia sebagai Research University Professional Educational Program Program Diploma Program Profesional Applied Research Dev. Program Industry / Public + International / National Training Licensed Prog./ Internship Prog. BASIC RESEARCH DEV. PROGRAM UNIVERSITY/ RESEARCH INSTITUTIONS Academic Educational Program Bachelor Deg. Prog. PostGrad. Prog.

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23 Pekerja Sosial (LSM) penelitiGuru / dosen Perencana wilayah Traveler /penjelajah Pegawai negeri Eksekutif (swasta, MNCs, International Agencies) Pengusaha

24 SWASTA/ Non-Pemerintah PEMERINTAH Yang akan datangSaat ini Peluang kerja

25 Wirausaha/ entrepreneur: Seorang / sekelompok orang yang bekerja untuk mengatasi ketidakpastian (dari ide yang tercipta) menjadi satu yang pasti. Pekerjaannya selalu mengandung resiko. AspekEntrepreneur/ wirausahaManager/pegawai MotiveMemulai usaha dengan membuat perusahaan / lembaga Bekerja memberi jasa pada perusahaan/ lembaga yang telah dirancang orang lain StatusPemilik perusahaan/ lembagaPengabdi/pelayan dari satu perusahaan/ lembaga milik wirausaha / pemerintah / masyarakat Risk-takerTerlibat langsung dengan segala resiko (hidup/ mati) dalam membesarkan perusahaan/ lembaga Tidak terlibat langsung terhadap hidup/matinya perusahaan/ lembaga RewardsMenciptakan penghargaan sendiri dari hasil keberhasilan merealisasi idenya (yang diawali dengan ketidakpastian) Mendapat gaji rutin dan bonus ataupun tunjangan InnovationBerusaha selalu menciptakan inovasi agar selalu sejalan dengan permintaan/kebutuhan pasar Secara sederhana hanya menjalan rencana kerja yang telah dirancang/ditetapkan sebelumnya QualificationsMotivasi achievement yang tinggi, ide original, pandangan ke depan, berani dan mampu menangani resiko Menguasai teori/pengetahuan dan ketrampilan untuk melaksanakan tugas yang telah direncanakan

26 Competence CreativityConnectivity Commitment TRUS T

27 1.GIS/ SDSS (Spatial Decision Support System) specialist a. Designing SDSS b. SDSS auditor 2.Environmental Analyst a. Water management and waste management specialist b. Natural/Energy Resource Assessment specialist c. Natural Hazard Management specialist 3.Business planner/ evaluation expertise a. Best Location analyst (supply side vs demand side) b. Distribution Management specialist 4.Community Development expertise a. Community dynamic assessment specialist b. Spatial Social Engineering specialist 5.Urban planner a. Urban ecologist b. Urban planner specialist

28 1. Routine based 2. Subsidized 3. Conventional 4. Bureaucratic 5. Centralistic Priority programs: Developing intellectual skills Developing competencies Developing attitudes Developing values/shared values Knowledge based society Global Literacy Multicultural Understanding As a continues process to develop multicultural building 1. Quality 2. Autonomy 3. Accountability 4. Accreditation 5. Evaluation

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30 Analysis of spatial-temporal dynamics ► Basic change analysis. Normally for surface pairs = = 2000 red=positive, blue=negative

31 CHANGE The first two one-meter black-and-white images show an urban area under development. In the 1993 image, the plain black or gray areas indicate land that has not been developed. By 1994, these areas had clearly acquired housing, additional streets and cul- de-sacs. Nevertheless, with the naked eye it is difficult to decipher exactly what changes took place. Using change detection, one can easily see what changes have taken place. Red are added. Blue are removed.

32 Mengukur Manfaat Bisnis GIS ► Save money/ cost avoidance ► Save time ► Increase efficiency ► Increase accuracy ► Increase productivity ► Generate revenue ► Support decision making ► Aid budgeting ► Automate workflow ► Build an Information Base ► Manage resource ► Improve access to government ► Increase communication and collaboration Sumber: Thomas dan Ospina (ESRI), 2004

33 Manfaat GIS dalam Matriks Industri (pengalaman ESRI) Save money/ cost avoidance Save time Increase efficiency Increase accuracy Increase productivity Communication and collaboration Generate revenue Support decision making Aid budgeting Automate workflow Build an information base Manage resources Improve access to government Business banking and insurance media real estate Government administration/management cadastral economic development electronic finance health and human services law enforcement and criminal justice Natural Resources agriculture forestry Transportation logistics and fleet management transportation systems and network Utilities electric and gas telecommunication

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35 Academic work focusing on real world problems, their causes and possible solutions WE ARE Living in an interconnected world Liverpool 1979 Clemence, Neal, Kennedy A, Thompson, Hansen, Case, Kennedy, Souness, McDermott, Dalglish, Johnson, Hughes, Heighway, Fairclough Ambrosio, Babayaro, Bridge, Cech, Cole, Crespo, Cudicini, Desailly, Duff, Ferreira, Gallas, Geremi, Gronkjaer, Gudjohnsen, Hasselbaink, Huth, Johnson, Kitamirike, Lampard, Macho, Makaba- Makalamby, Makelele, Melchiot, Mutu, Nicolas, Oliveira, Parker, Petit, Pidgeley, Robben, Rocastle, Smertin, Stanic, Sullivan, Terry, Zenden Chelsea 2004 Dept. Geografi FMIPA UI, Kampus UI Deppok Telp


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